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Poland - Taxation

Poland has a progressive tax rate system for Personal Income Tax (PIT), under which individuals are taxed between 19% and 40% of their income. Foreign nationals working in Poland must register for tax and obtain an NIP number (tax identification number).

The tax status of foreign nationals working in Poland depends on the amount of time they spend in the country during the tax year (a calendar year), and the nature of their employment contract.

Permanent residents and expatriates who live in Poland for more than 183 days in the tax year have unlimited tax liability, and are taxed on their income from all sources worldwide.

Those who are not permanently resident in Poland and who live there for less than 183 days in a tax year have limited tax liability, and are only taxed on their income generated in Poland. Some types of income may be taxed at a flat rate of 20%. Self-employed foreign nationals are taxed at 20% of income. Employees of foreign companies also pay lower taxes.

Expatriate employees who are paid from abroad are required to submit monthly tax returns, as well as a final tax return at the end of April.

Poland has Double Taxation treaties with more than sixty other countries including the USA, UK and Germany, which mean that tax paid in one country can be offset against any tax payable in the other.

Other forms of direct tax in Poland include inheritance and grant tax, property tax, transportation tax and dog ownership tax. Indirect taxes include Value Added Tax and excise tax.

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