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Melbourne - Employment
For most expatriates it will be necessary to secure a skilled visa, business visa or an employment sponsor to live in Australia. Like other parts of Australia, Melbourne and regional Victoria are experiencing skills shortages in many areas and specific government initiatives such as the Victorian Government's Skilled and Business Migration Program have been established to help attract skilled labour to the state. A list of skills currently in demand in Melbourne and regional Victoria are available on the Victorian government website here. Applications can be submitted online for skilled visas to work in Melbourne.
Many employers will only consider applications for vacancies from people who are already eligible to work in Australia, so it may be better to secure a skilled migrant visa first. However, if you can secure a job offer this can also be used to help support your visa application.
For migrants already living in Victoria who have the right to work in Australia, the state government’s Overseas Qualification Unit (OQU) provides free assistance with finding jobs, including assessment of overseas qualifications, career and training advice and making contacts with employers, professional bodies and employment training programs. See this link for further details.
The Victorian state government advises people seeking employment in Melbourne and other parts of Australia to search both advertised jobs and the hidden job market, since around two-thirds of jobs are not advertised. Job seekers may therefore benefit from networking within their professional or making speculative applications to employers in Melbourne. For those seeking jobs in particular areas, such as construction, engineering, finance, catering and the medical profession, links to specific professional and trades associations in Melbourne and Victoria are available at www.liveinvictoria.vic.gov.au/digitalAssets/1283_Industry_Associations.pdf (PDF file).
National, state-wide and local newspapers are a good source of advertised jobs in Melbourne. Some have special jobs supplements on Saturdays. Main newspapers to consult are the national newspaper The Australian and state-wide newspapers The Herald Sun and The Age.
There are also a number of online jobsites which advertise vacancies across Australia, and which can be used to search for jobs in Melbourne or regional Victoria. Applications can be submitted online for many of the advertised jobs, and you can post your CV for review by employers. A good place to start is the Australian government’s jobsite Job Search (www.jobsearch.com.au), which also has links to other popular online jobsites such as Seek.com (www.seek.com.au), CareerOne (www.careerone.com.au) and MyCareer (mycareer.com.au). Many of the advertised jobs are posted by recruitment agencies on behalf of employers.
Average earnings in Melbourne and Victoria vary a lot, but the highest paying sectors in the region are reported to be mining and financial services. Average weekly earnings for full-time workers across all sectors in 2006 were A$1,084. There is progressive taxation on all personal earnings over $6,000 in any tax year; details of current tax rates are available here. Employers are required to pay an additional 9% of an employee’s salary into a superannuation fund, which is invested until the employee reaches retirement age.
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