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Sydney - Overview

Location & Orientation

Located on the Australian continent on the southeast coast facing the South Pacific Ocean, Sydney has Australian capital Canberra to the South, Brisbane to the North and Adelaide to the west (inland). Within Sydney itself, Sydney's roots origin from Port Jackson; the Parramatta River runs west from the harbor across the city. The City of Sydney is flanked by the Pacific Ocean (and gorgeous beaches) to the east, the scenic Blue Mountains to the West, the River Hawkesbury up North, and to the South, the Royal National Park.

The City of Sydney itself covers around 26 square kilometers, and comprises of the Central Business District (Sydney CBD) and several suburbs. Suburbs include Millers Point and The Rocks (north of Sydney CBD), Chippendale, Darlinghurst, Surry Hills and Redfern (south of Sydney CBD), Elizabeth Bay, Kings Cross, Rushcutters Bay and Woolloomooloo (east of Sydney CBD), Glebe, Pyrmont and Ultimo (west of Sydney CBD). The City of Sydney extends beyond the harbor into North Sydney, which is a continuation of the Sydney CBD, with its concentration of high-rise commercial buildings.


One of the most cosmopolitan cities in Australia and the world, Sydney easily welcomes expatriates of any nationality. This makes Sydney an easy city to settle in – no matter what your nationality may be. Part of Sydney's identity (and attraction, some may highlight) lies in its multicultural setting – a mixture of different nationalities living, working and playing together. In the 2006 Census conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, 82.6% of the Sydney residents are Australians, 31.7% were born overseas and 1.1% were visitors. For those not born in Australia, the more common responses were England (3.5%), China (2.6%), New Zealand (2%), Vietnam (1.5%) and Lebanon (1.3%).

While Sydney may be synonymous with its world famous harbor, expatriates who live in Sydney can share different experiences, depending on where, how and when they lived and work in this city. This is because Sydney is a large city – the largest in Australia in terms of population. The city records some 4.11 million residents. (For more details, see the 2006 Census done by the Australian Bureau of Statistics at website Despite its population size, Sydney residents typically display the non-pretentious, casual, straight-talking nature of the Australians that makes them so likeable and easy to get along with.

Expatriates who live in Sydney will quickly learn to appreciate the correlation between the harsh Australian climate and the need for Australians to be fiercely independent and tough. This independent toughness has given meteoric rise to the nation's great interest in sports and adventure, and having fun along the way. Even the most hardworking of expatriates must eventually learn how to relax 'Australian-style' – be it a day out at the beach, or a night out sampling Sydney's restaurant and bar scene, or testing one's physical abilities in a new sport or activity - all in the spirit of fun and adventure.

All in all, Sydney is a wonderful expatriate destination as it offers someone for everyone – regardless of nationality, single or married with (or without) children.

Read more about this country

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