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Driving and Public Transportation

Ireland - Driving and Public Transportation

Nationals of EU/EEA member countries are allowed to drive in Ireland on their existing licences, or exchange them for a full Irish licence without having to take an Irish driving test. Ireland also has reciprocal agreements with a number of other countries whose nationals who can use their own licences or exchange them for Irish licences in the same way. The full list of countries is available on the Oasis government information website.

Non EU/EEA nationals who are not covered by one of these agreements can drive in Ireland on their own valid licence for a period not exceeding 12 months, after which time they have to apply for an Irish licence and take a driving test.

Application forms for an Irish licence, and for exchange of a licence to an Irish one, are available online on the Oasis government information website, or from your local Motor Taxation Office, along with details of documentation required.

Driving in Ireland is on the left. Road distances and speed limits are measured in kilometres. There are different speed limits depending on the type of road and area, with the maximum being 50 km/h in built up areas, 100 km/h on national roads including dual carriageways, and 120 km/h on motorways. Other speed limits apply in certain areas and will be indicated.

Driving is often the best way to travel around Ireland, as the public transport system is expensive and does not serve all areas. Petrol is quite expensive though, at around EUR 1 per litre. Some rural roads are in poor condition.

There are state run bus and rail services which operate throughout Ireland, but some rural locations are not on these routes. The services tend to be quite slow and infrequent. Rail travel is relatively expensive; the bus services may offer better value.

Read more about this country

Expat Health Insurance Partners

Bupa Global

At Bupa we have been helping individuals and families live longer, healthier, happier lives for over 60 years. We are trusted by expats in 190 different countries and have links with healthcare organisations throughout the world. So whether you're moving abroad for a change of career or a change of scene, with our international private health insurance you will always be in safe hands.


Cigna has worked in international health insurance for more than 30 years. Today, Cigna has over 71 million customer relationships around the world. Looking after them is an international workforce of 31,000 people, plus a network of over 1 million hospitals, physicians, clinics and health and wellness specialists worldwide, meaning you have easy access to treatment.