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Communications (Telephone, Post, Internet, TV, Radio)

Poland - Communications (Telephone, Post, Internet, TV, Radio)

The Polish telecommunications system is fairly poor particularly in rural areas, and it can be difficult to make connections. The system is gradually being modernized and is already of a much higher standard in the cities and larger towns. The fixed-line market was liberalized in 2003, but is still dominated by TPSA, the previously state monopoly supplier. TPSA is now owned mainly by France Telecom.

There are a number of internet providers, but call rates are expensive and connection speeds can be poor. There are many internet cafes in the main towns and cities. Some operators now offer combined television, telephone and internet cable packages.

Mobile phones are becoming increasingly popular in Poland. There are three networks, operated by Era GSM, Orange and Plus GSM.

Poland's postal service is reportedly quite slow, with airmail taking at a week or two to be delivered between Poland and other destinations. Within Poland, the railway mail service is apparently the fastest way to deliver post and packages between cities.

Poland has a large broadcasting sector. The state-owned television station TVP operates two national channels, regional channels and an international satellite channel, called TV Polonia. There are also a number of commercial TV channels, and a digital pay-TV system. Foreign channels are shown in Poland via satellite TV. Radio is less popular in Poland than TV, but there are more than 200 radio stations.

TV owners are required to pay a licence fee, either monthly or a year in advance.

Newspaper reading is not popular among Poles, although there are more than 300 newspapers published across the country, mostly at a local or regional level.

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