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Climate And Weather

United Arab Emirates (UAE) - Climate And Weather

The climate and weather in the UAE is hot and dry. Hot weather prevails throughout the year with the occasional rainfall in winter. The UAE comprises seven emirates located in the Persian Gulf and The Gulf of Oman. An emirate's location dictates the kind of weather it experiences. Since the United Arab Emirates is quite a small region, it can be hard to notice the change of weather when moving from one city to another. Annual rainfall is low averaging 98mm. Summers are marked with hot and humid weather and no rain occurs during this time.

Summer in the UAE

Summer in the UAE starts from June and lasts until September. The weather can become too hot, limiting outdoor activities and movement. Temperatures rarely drop below 30°C and sometimes it gets as hot as 40°C in any given day.

In summer, hot and dusty winds, known as Shamal, blow from the Red Sea towards the inland. These dry winds mix with humid air forming a catalyst that amplifies the hot weather. It is possible for humidity levels to rise as much as 90%. This is enough to raise climatic temperatures to an unbearable 55°C.

When the UAE weather reaches its extreme, it is hard to go outdoors. Locals and tourists choose to stay indoors in air-conditioned houses or hotels. Breathing may also become difficult as the air outside becomes saline. This is due to salt laden winds blowing in from the Red Sea.

Sea temperatures also change during summer. Temperatures around the Persian Gulf often rise during this period and heat up the coastal water. Sea temperatures can rise to as high as 38°C. This reduces tourist and local activity along the Persian Gulf coastline.

On the other hand, the temperature does not significantly increase along the coastline of the Indian Ocean. This means that towns located on the Gulf of Oman are more favorable for tourism during summer. Sea temperatures often oscillate between 32°C and 33°C. Hot summer weather in the UAE subsides towards the end of year, ushering in the winter season.

Winter in the UAE

Winter is a popular season in the UAE. The UAE winter runs from October to April. The weather in the UAE is mild at this time and attracts tourists to towns like Abu Dhabi and Dubai.

Winter temperatures can go as low as 12°C. The temperature then gradually picks up by mid-morning reaching 18 degrees Celsius. Expect temperatures to range between 27°C and 28°C throughout the day.

Winter weather in the UAE brings rain. What starts as mild showers can escalate to heavy downpours by the end of the day. Even so, do not expect to see rain every day while in the UAE. It possible to only have 10 days of rain during the winter season.

Occasionally, foggy weather occurs in the cities especially during the mornings. The fog may intensify and slightly disrupt road traffic. The fog eventually disappears once the weather begins to warm during the day.

Sea water gets cooler during winter. The temperature at the coast drops to 20°C especially along the Persian Gulf. Towards the Gulf of Oman, coastline temperatures will fluctuate between 16°C and 18°C. This is a good time for touring the Arabian coast for some swimming, snorkeling, or sunbathing on the sandy beaches. Sea temperatures rarely go beyond 33°C during winter.

Abu Dhabi and Dubai

Abu Dhabi and Dubai are two major cities located on the Persian Gulf. Being in the same climate zone makes the two cities experience similar weather patterns. The coastline and inland weather in Dubai may vary.

Abu Dhabi is the capital of the United Arab Emirates. Tourists flock to Abu Dhabi during winter to enjoy the city’s futuristic buildings and modern amenities. The best time to visit Abu Dhabi is around February when winter starts. The city experiences cooler temperatures with occasional rain.

August is the hottest month in Abu Dhabi. Temperature can go up to a manageable 36°C. This makes Abu Dhabi a tourist magnet in both summer and winter. Tourist activity increases along the coastline of Abu Dhabi. Sea temperature reads at 33°C favoring swimming and other water activities. More tourists flock to Abu Dhabi towards December as the weather begins to cool.

Winter begins in January, which is the coldest month in Abu Dhabi. Winter rains begin and average 50 mm all year. Dubai, on the other hand, is flanked by two climatic zones. It sits between the Tropic of Cancer and the Northern Desert Belt of the Arabian Peninsula. The coastline of Dubai may be cool and mild while the inland scorches in the intensifying heat.

January is the coldest month in Dubai. Weather is mild and average temperatures fall to 18°C in the city. This is an ideal time to tour Dubai and enjoy its culture and scenery. The hot dry season picks up in June and will reach 35°C by August. Rainfall occurs between the months of December and March, adding two more months to the Dubai vacation calendar.

In the dry season of June, Dubai may witness a series of Shamal winds from the Arabian deserts. These winds grow stronger by the time they rich Dubai, often erupting into sandstorms. Sandstorms in Dubai can last from an hour to few days. Visibility is impaired and staying indoors becomes the only option.

How to Dress in the United Arab Emirates

It is advisable to plan your UAE vacation around winter when the climate is friendly. This does not mean that you cannot travel in summer. You only need to be a bit cautious about staying outside for too long. Also, adhere to the right dress code.

Light and loose clothes are the norm during summer in the Emirates. It is advisable to carry linen and cotton clothes because they are more breathable. You may also want to pack a few warm clothes for the cold mornings and evenings in the Emirates. Always be ready with an umbrella or raincoat in case it rains.

Weather in the UAE is warm all year, making the emirates a perfect tourist destination. Winter is the best time to travel when the temperatures are milder. Remember to carry light to warm clothes to keep you comfortable for the period you will be in the UAE.

Read more about this country

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