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Education and Schools

Argentina - Education and Schools

The education system in Argentina is quite comprehensive compared to other south American countries. Both Argentinean national and expat children can attend public school. Here is what you should know about education and schools in Argentina as a migrant.

Education in Argentina follows a clear and decisive structure. Each level of schooling is geared towards fostering academic brilliance and personal development. The ministry of education oversees all matters concerning education and schools in Argentina. In addition, the national government and provincial districts have a part to play in developing the education system of the country. There are private institutions that are also custodians of education, but these normally fund themselves.

Every child, whether local or migrant, is expected to attend formal schooling by the age of five. Before that, parents have a choice of taking their child to level one education, which is the equivalent of kindergarten. Here, your child will develop motor skills, verbal and non-verbal communication, while their creative abilities will be nurtured. At this early age, students are also taught the value of education, while the social inequalities surrounding their lives will be addressed.

Primary Education In Argentina

When a child turns six, they are expected to join primary school. Primary schools have a goal of imparting common knowledge to all students. The curriculum comprises subjects including mathematics, social sciences, environmental sciences, art and culture. Foreign languages such as English are also introduced at this level.

Primary schools also include practical lessons. The aim of these are to prepare students to use skills in everyday life. Primary schools also ensure that students are taught the importance of self-initiative and taking responsibility in everything they do.

Primary schooling officially ends at 12 years, when the child will advance to secondary level education. If a child has to repeat a class, they may stay at primary school until they are 14. After that, the student is expected to move on to secondary schooling or vocational training.

Secondary Schools In Argentina

Secondary schools are divided into two stages: the basic cycle and the targeted cycle. In the basic cycle, students expand on what they learnt at primary level. When they reach the target cycle, they will be able to choose subjects in line with the career they are interested in.

More real life skills are also imparted at this stage. Students are trained on how to become good citizens and avoid social vices such as discrimination. Secondary schools also emphasise healthy living by eating well and taking care of the body physically, mentally and emotionally.

The creative abilities that the student developed at the primary level are further amplified at the secondary level. Every secondary school student is expected to be fluent in Spanish and an additional foreign language such as English by the time they sit for their final exams.

Universities In Argentina

There are more than 100 universities in Argentina. Some of these are public universities, while others are private. In addition, there are six state education institutes, while the rest are private institutions offering higher learning. Argentina has one university for foreign students as well as one international university.

Public universities are free to attend for all students who qualify. However, students are required to pay for their own accommodation, purchase of books, and any other cost they may incur while on campus. The ministry of education provides no academic scholarships, bursaries, or student loans. This makes it harder for some of the underprivileged students to gain university education even though they qualify.

Argentinean universities offer their curriculum in Spanish, meaning the student is expected to have learnt Spanish while attending primary and secondary level education. Otherwise, the next available option for foreign students is private universities.

Private universities are different from public schools. They are not government funded, meaning students pay for their own tuition. Private universities teach in English and may include courses not offered by public universities. However, tuition fees can be high, and difficult for expat parents to manage. If you do send your child to a private college, ensure you have the budget to cater for their entire tuition.

International students require a study visa to enroll in Argentinean universities. Those taking a degree or diploma course for more than year will have to apply for a residence permit. Both public and private universities tend to offer a form of accommodation to the students. If the university itself doesn’t offer accommodation, it will help find suitable student housing close to campus.

Vocational Training Schools

Students who cannot afford a university education can opt to join vocational schools or modalidaded educativas. Vocational schools offer courses in the arts and technical subjects. They also have programs targeting specific groups such as rural, underprivileged people and people living with physical or learning disabilities. At the end of the studies, students receive a diploma which qualifies them for the job market.

Cost Of Living

Most university students opt to rent apartments while pursuing their undergraduate or post graduate studies. A decent apartment for a student would cost anything between $337 to $431. Eating at an inexpensive restaurant should cost around $8, while a fast food meal would go for at least $6. A one-way ticket to school should cost around $0.46, while entertainment costs will start from around $7.

More About Education In Argentina

The ministry of education controls the curriculum in both private and public schools. Education is standard in all schools though private schools may offer a little more in terms of extra-curricular activities. Public schooling is free to all students from primary to the university level.

In addition to choosing between private and public schools, expat parents must also decide if their child will be attending a religious or non-religious school. About 63 percent of private students in Argentina are enrolled in religious schools.

Read more about this country

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