Get useful expat articles, health and financial news, social media recommendations and more in your inbox each month - free!

We respect your privacy - we don't spam and you can unsubscribe at any time.

±Compare Expat Providers

Expat Health Insurance Quotes

Foreign Currency Exchange Quotes

International Moving Quotes

We're very social! Follow Expat Focus on Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest and Google+

Expat Focus Facebook PageExpat Focus on TwitterExpat Focus Pinterest PageExpat Focus Google+ Page

Notify me when new content is added about a country

±Expat Focus Partners

Utilities (Electricity, Gas and Water)

Bulgaria - Utilities (Electricity, Gas and Water)

This section covers some basic information about gas, electricity and water supply within Bulgaria. If you are renting property, please consult your landlord or lettings agency for local utilities information. Where information has been difficult to find, we have included useful links.


In Bulgaria the voltage is 220 volts AC (50 cycles). Plugs are of the round two-pin continental type, while lamp fittings are the screw type.

Electricity is billed according to the amount used. Bills arrive monthly by post. In rented accommodation these are usually in the landlord's name.

Payment can be made through a Bulgarian bank account, at your local post office, online or using a debit card.

Central heating is paid monthly at a fixed amount. At the end of the year a reading is taken, and the customer is either credited or charged the balance due.


Gas is also billed according to consumption. Billing is monthly - in rented property this is often in the landlord's name. As with electricity, payment can be through a Bulgarian bank account, at the post office, via the Internet or using a debit card.

The largest gas supplier is Overgas, with licences in 26 towns for natural gas distribution. The areas around Sofia, where most expats in Bulgaria live, are undergoing major gasification, so more homes will have access to gas supplies.

The Overgas website has sections on arranging supply but these were blank at the time of writing (!):



Drinking water in major towns is generally safe, though it may be wise to drink bottled water in more rural areas.

Water supplies are billed according to the amount used. Bills arrive monthly and can be paid as above for gas and electricity.

Added March 2007 by Mila: Regarding drinking water in Bulgaria, it is advisable to buy bottled water in some rural areas, but even more advisable to buy bottled water or just take water for drinking from the mineral sprins in Sofia. The water purification system in all parts of Bulgaria is esentially the same, but bigger cities tend to be more polluted.

E.g.: In most municipalities on the northern face of the Balkan Mountain, the running water is taken directly from river springs high up the mountain and nevertheless purified again. On the other hand, I recall the story of my boyfriend's cousin who graduated from the Institute for Chemical Technology in Sofia. He said that a random check of the tap water in the institute during a lab exercise showed abnormal quantities of iron and other metals in the water.

The statements in the site regarding the quality of the drinking water in areas outside of the capital are true only for some regions around Varna and Burgas. Otherwise, tap water outside of Sofia - especially in Northern Central Bulgaria and around Rila is excellent for drinking.

Read more about this country

Expat Health Insurance Partners


Our award-winning expatriate business provides health benefits to more than 650,000 members worldwide. In addition, we have helped develop world-class health systems for governments, corporations and providers around the world. We want to be the global leader in delivering world-class health solutions, making quality health care more accessible and empowering people to live healthier lives.


Health is your number one priority. At Aviva we understand this, which is why we’re focused on helping you and your family access high quality healthcare at home or overseas. Our award winning medical insurance will help you get the treatment you need or simply provide guidance and advice wherever you are, 24/7.

Bupa Global

At Bupa we have been helping individuals and families live longer, healthier, happier lives for over 60 years. We are trusted by expats in 190 different countries and have links with healthcare organisations throughout the world. So whether you're moving abroad for a change of career or a change of scene, with our international private health insurance you will always be in safe hands.


Cigna has worked in international health insurance for more than 30 years. Today, Cigna has over 71 million customer relationships around the world. Looking after them is an international workforce of 31,000 people, plus a network of over 1 million hospitals, physicians, clinics and health and wellness specialists worldwide, meaning you have easy access to treatment.