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Climate and Weather

Cyprus - Climate and Weather

Cyprus is an island which is located in the Eastern Basin of the Mediterranean Sea in Europe. Regarding the size, it is the 3rd largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, following the Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia. It is also the 81st largest island in the world. As its territory is placed south of Asia Minor, the Anatolian peninsula of the Eurasian mainland, which is part of Turkey, it can be also considered as the part of Western Asia or the Middle East. Cyprus is also close to both Southern Europe and Northern Africa, so during history, it has had many cultural influences from all three continents. It had periods of mainly Greek and intermittent Anatolian, Byzantine, Turkish, Levantine and Western European influence.

Cyprus has two main mountain ranges, the Toodos Mountains and the Kyernia Mountains or Pentadaktylos, and between them, there is the central plain, the Measoria. Most of the southern and western region is covered by the Troodos Mountains, which take up about the half of island's area. The narrow Kyrenia Range spreads along the northern coast, not as high as Troodos, occupying a smaller area. These two mountain ranges run parallel to the Taurus Mountains, which are on the Turkish mainland, whose outlines are visible from the northern coast of Cyprus. The lowlands are placed mainly on the coastline, surrounding the whole island.


Cyprus has an intense Mediterranean climate, which includes long and dry summers from May to October, and mild winters from December to February. These two seasons are separated by short spring and autumn seasons. During the summertime, the sky is cloudless and temperatures are high, but the sea breeze enables a pleasant atmosphere in the coastal region. Thunder showers are isolated and occur mainly in the mountain region, arriving mostly during the early afternoon hours.

Like in many Mediterranean countries, winters on this island are mild, with rain and snow on the Troodos Mountains usually happening during the Christmas period. In the lower regions, there is abundant sunshine which is present even in December and January. This period has an average of 6 hours of bright sunshine per day, while during the six-month summer period, the average amount of sunshine is 11.5 hours per day.

Temperature and Weather

During the hottest period, from the beginning of July to the end of August, daily temperatures range between 30° C in the central plain area and 24° C on the Troodos Mountains. The average maximum temperatures during these two months vary between 38° C in lower region and 27° C in the upper area. In January, which is the coldest month, the daily temperature is 10° C in the central plain, and 3° C in the mountain region, while the average minimum temperature ranges from 5° C to 0° C.

Sea Temperature

In the open sea, the average temperature from June to November is around 22° C, with a maximum of 27° C in August. During the winter period, from January to March, the average sea temperature is 16° C. On the coastline, where the sea is only 3 to 4 meters deep, the average sea temperature ranges from 15° C to 17° C during the wintertime, and from 23° C to 28° C in August. Daily fluctuations in sea water temperatures are not significant, except in the shallowest waters, near the coast.

Air Humidity

During the winter period, the air humidity varies from slightly low to average, going from 65% to 95%. In the summertime, the lowest humidity is recorded during the middle of the day, going from 15% to around 30% in the central plain region.


Depending on the altitude and local temperature differences, the wind in Cyprus is variable in direction and strength.

Weather Forecasts

The weather forecast information in Cyprus can be easily checked through various media sources:

Radio: Weather Forecast in English can be heard every day on Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation’s "Programme Two" on FM 91-1MHZ.
Television: Weather forecast in English follows the news on Channel 2 (CyBC TV2) and Channel 1 (CyBC TV1) every day.
Newspapers: Weather forecast in English can be found in the Cyprus Mail, the island’s daily English newspaper.
All this information can be also checked on the government’s official meteorological website.


During these months the weather is pleasantly warm, with the possibility of chilly nights. This is the best season for people who like to enjoy nature, as the plain area is green, with plants in full bloom. The clothing for this period should include medium-weight and summer apparel and light woollens or long-sleeved cotton clothes for the evenings.

The warmest summer months are ideal for all beach activities. The clothing for this period should consist of very lightweight summer clothing.

This period also has warm and pleasant days, with cool October nights. During the day, sunbathing and water activities are still common. The clothing for this period should include lightweight apparel during the day and medium-weight apparel for the evening.

November has pleasantly warm days and colder nights. Open-air activities are still common, while swimming and sunbathing are possible too. The clothing for this period should include medium-weight apparel and light woollens.

Even if this is wintertime in Cyprus, it looks like autumn for most foreign visitors. This period has occasional rain, but the sunshine is still present. Outdoor activities can be enjoyed during this period. Clothing for this period should include winter clothes, with no heavy winter equipment required.

This is the period with the most weather changes, so the warm days can be followed by short rainy periods. The daytime temperature is similar to springtime, but the evenings can be quite cold. Conditions are good for skiing on the Troodos mountains. The clothing for this period should also include winter apparel.

In March, the weather is moderate, having a lot of sunshine. This month is good for long country walks. The clothing for this period should be a combination of winter apparel and medium–weight wear.

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