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Climate and Weather

Czech Republic - Climate and Weather


The Czech Republic has a landlocked location near the centre of the European continent, meaning it enjoys hot summers and cold winters. Roughly the same size as Austria and Ireland, the Czech Republic is not a physically large country, and its population is only ten and a half million people. It is a hilly plateau, bordered by mountain ranges, which has an impact on the weather. However, the weather in the Czech Republic can be unpredictable no matter which part of the country you are in or the time of year.

July is the hottest month of the year in the Czech Republic. Temperatures will typically reach 20-25°C, but can hit a sultry 30°C or more. The days will normally be dry, but may end in thunderstorms, which can be particularly heavy in mountainous areas.

The amount of rain in the Czech Republic fluctuates according to region. The north west region typically experiences less rainfall than other areas. In contrast, Lysa Hora, the Czech Republic’s highest mountain, located in the far east, is the wettest area in the country.

During the summer, your wardrobe needs to be flexible to respond to changing weather conditions. A lot of people find jeans and T-shirts comfortable throughout the summer. Lightweight cotton clothing will keep you cool during very hot days, when you should take care to use plenty of sunscreen. A wide brimmed hat and sunglasses will add further protection, plus ensure that you have access to plenty of drinking water to avoid dehydration.

Local Czech women tend to wear shorts, mini-skirts and strappy tops in the summer heat. Out in the countryside, women may do household and garden tasks wearing a swimsuit. This is part of Czech culture, and helps women stay comfortable in the heat of the sun. Please do not interpret these outfits as an invitation for you to pester women or make lewd comments.

An umbrella and lightweight rain coat will keep you dry during rain showers. Keep a jumper or cardigan handy for the cooler evenings, as they may come in handy if you are enjoying the vibrant street cafe culture in one of the cities, or if you are intending to take a boat trip to see the sights.

Sandals or trainers are good footwear for the summer. Avoid shoes with high heels as you are likely to be walking along the cobbled roads of ancient city and town centers. The cobbles look picturesque but hard to navigate in heels! There are a number of venues where trainers and casual shoes are inappropriate, such as at a theatre. Some upmarket nightclubs will also refuse entry if they have a no trainers policy. Those establishments may also insist that you wear a tie.

Autumn brings in much wetter weather, and the temperature falls enough to become chilly.

By the onset of winter, the cold has arrived. January, the coldest month of the year in the Czech Republic, brings frequent daytime temperatures of zero degrees or less. The winds will be strong and bitter. There may also be a lot of fog around in the early mornings.

The amount of snow experienced during the winter months will depend on where you are. In the low land regions, you are likely to see snow fall for around 40 days in total during the season. That goes up to 120 days in the mountainous areas, where the snow can get quite deep.

The clothing you need to stay warm during this period will depend on your location. Dress in warm layers and think about buying a padded waterproof or insulated coat. A scarf, warm hat, thick gloves and maybe earmuffs will be essential during the coldest weeks of the year in the Czech Republic.

In the snow and sleet, lined boots will keep your feet warm. The most important element of footwear in this weather is its grip. Pavements, cobbles and steps will all become icy and slippery. You may feel safe in an urban environment, but falling over in these conditions can cause serious injuries, so take care! Soft rubber soles with large gaps between the tracks will help maintain the grip throughout your journey.

Spring arrives with plenty of rain, so make sure you have an umbrella and waterproof coat. Whilst the pavements will become less slippery than in winter, your footwear should be suitable for walking in the rain. Materials such as suede will be easily ruined.

People in the Czech Republic often dress quite formally for social occasions. If you are going to the theatre or a concert, or will be enjoying a meal at a smart restaurant, you should dress appropriately. Proper suit trousers with a jacket and tie, or a smart, modest dress will meet the expected dress code. In less expensive restaurants, smart casual outfits are perfectly acceptable.

If you are visiting a church, you must take care to dress modestly. You cannot wear shorts, and skirts should cover the knees. Make sure your shoulders are covered. If you have been walking about in a strappy top because of the high summer temperature, a pashmina will come in useful. Lots of people attend concerts put on in beautiful churches; dress with the same care as if you were going to the theatre.

Business premises often include a cloakroom, which is used to store all coats, hats, scarves, gloves and boots during the working day. Hanging wet coats on the back of office chairs and leaving hats sitting on desks is not generally acceptable. Sometimes your colleagues will have a pair of shoes specifically to wear in the office and will leave their boots in the cloakroom. Given how bad the weather can get, this preparation makes sense.


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