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Climate and Weather

Denmark - Climate and Weather


As the smallest Scandinavian country, Denmark consists of the Jutland peninsula, which is just north of Germany, and more than 400 islands of various sizes, of which some are inhabited and linked to the mainland by bridges or ferries. The Danish landscape is mostly composed of low-lying, fertile countryside, beech woods, small lakes and fjords. The Faroe Islands and Greenland are also official parts of the Kingdom of Denmark. Even if these two regions are under the sovereignty of the Denmark, they both have home rule of their own.

The Faroe Islands consists of a group of 18 islands, located in the North Atlantic. According to the 2014 census, it has a population of 49,947. The history of these islands dates back to the period of Vikings. Sheep farming and fishing are the most common industries in the Faroes. Torshavn, which is the capital of Faroe Islands, is connected to Denmark by direct flights from Copenhagen. In the summertime, there are direct flights from Glasgow and Aberdeen as well.

Climate

As the country is located in the area between three European climatic zones, Borea influence in the north, Atlantic influence in the west and Continental influence in the east, the climate in Denmark is a mixture of these. In general, there are two different climates on the mainland. The western parts of the country have the Atlantic climate, while the eastern parts have a more Continental influenced climate. The yearly precipitation in some parts of Jutland is over 900 mm average, while in The Great Belt, which is spread between Jutland and Seeland, it is around 500 mm. Through the year, the rain is fairly equally distributed, but the evaporation is less during the coldest period, from October to March. The winter is apparently the most humid time of the year in this part of the world.

Speaking about the average temperature in Denmark, it varies from region to region. Over the year it is around 8.5 degrees C in the southern parts of the country and below 7.5 degrees C in some northern areas of Jutland. July is the warmest month with the average temperature of 17.5 degrees C in the southeastern region, and around 16 degrees C in the northwestern part of Jutland. The lowest temperatures in Denmark can be expected in the month of January, with an average of 0 degrees C. During this period, the temperatures are slightly higher in the inner part of the country.

During the hottest period, from May to August, the climate in this country is quite pleasant. Typical midsummer days have an average temperature of around 20 degrees C. The most pleasant weather in Denmark is in May, when the spring is in full bloom. The month of September is usually very rainy, announcing the beginning of the autumn. Winters in Denmark can be quite cold and harsh, compared to those on the rest of the continent. This is the time of the year when everything is covered in snow and ice, with some strong winds occurring across the mainland.

The majority of the territory of Denmark is surrounded by the coastline, so swimming in the ocean is an option even though this country has cooler summers than the most of the Europe. The best time for swimming in Denmark is during the summer, in June and August, when the average sea temperatures are between 17˚C (63˚F) and 22˚C (72˚F). In the warmest period of August, the average sea temperature can reach up to 25˚C (77˚F).

In general, prevailing western winds are the most common in Denmark. The western coast of the country has more rainfall than the rest of the country. The average rainfall here is around 61 cm (24 in) per year.

As the kingdom of Denmark is located in Northern Europe, the average sunlight and daylight hours are different from the average in the rest of continental Europe. The average daylight in June is 17:23 hours per day, while in December it is just 7:08 per day. Average sunlight hours in Denmark go from 8:10 hours per day in June to 00:36 in December.

The capital of Denmark, Copenhagen, has unstable weather patterns in all four seasons. It also has temperatures that are about 5 degrees higher than average, regarding its latitude worldwide. The Atlantic Gulf Stream is the main reason for these slightly higher temperatures. The precipitation is mainly moderate, with a small peak from June to August. The snowfall is the most common during the period between December and March, but snow cover lasts little longer. Rain is also very common during the winter time.

If you are looking to visit Denmark, it's good to know that the months of July and August have nice weather with a good average temperature. The warmest month is August, while January is the coldest. July is mostly a wet month, which should be avoided by those who don't like too much rain. March is considered to be the driest month. Summer extends from June to August, which is a good period to visit Denmark as well. Winter is from December to March, and tends to be wet with long periods of frost and dark days. Spring and autumn in this country are generally mild. Unlike Denmark, the Faroe Islands are under the influence of the warm Gulf Stream current. These islands enjoy a very mild climate. Winters are a bit warmer, the sky is often cloudy, and it's mostly windy and wet throughout the year. Summers are cool, but with little sunshine.

Lightweight clothes and rainwear are recommended for summer period, while it's it smart to have waterproof and warmer clothing for wintertime. Things like umbrellas and sweaters are quite useful any time of the year in Denmark.

The climate of Denmark can be classified as Cfb, which is a warm humid climate with the warmest month lower than 22°C and around four months above 10°C.


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