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Climate and Weather

Italy - Climate and Weather


Italy experiences hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters, but in truth, the overall temperature and weather depends on the location within the country. In fact, one may experience completely different weather and temperatures in the north, as compared to the south. Italy has multiple climate types, including ice caps, tundra, Mediterranean, and Oceanic. It experiences much of its colder winter in the north due to its altitude and proximity to the Alps. As for Southern Italy, it is surrounded by warm ocean air, and the heat of its summers can get quite extreme.

The broad collection of weather types, ranging from freezing to fiery, makes Italy a diverse region in terms of weather. The Mediterranean influences a lot of Italy’s weather and climate, making a large portion of the country warmer. The typical weather in Italy is dependent on the seasons. The rainy season occurs in the winter with temperatures that reach as low as 30 degrees in Venice. Recorded highs in the winter reach up to 60 degrees in the Cagliari area. Unsurprisingly, central regions of Italy, including Lazio, Marche, Tuscany, and Umbria, are quite temperate and mild. Central Italy’s summer shows little difference in comparison to its winter. Italy seems to have one constant, a rainy winter with rarely a dry summer.

Appropriate Clothing Due to Italy’s Weather

Appropriate clothing for Italy’s weather is dependent on the region and season. Having said that, the change in clothing is not that significant. People in the northern parts of Italy, such as Emilia Romagna and Veneto, may want to bring something heavy in the winter months, but lighter wear in the summer is acceptable. Despite it being so close to snowy mountains, the temperatures are quite comfortable in the summer. Jackets, being a generally neutral clothing, may be necessary during the summer, fall, and spring in all parts of Italy. In the middle of the summer in any part of Italy, you may want to bring an extra pair of shorts; the country’s temperature fluctuates often! In all cases, it is wise to bring an umbrella, since Italy is a rainy country.

Average Monthly Temperatures in Italy

Temperatures in the northern regions are somewhat cooler than the rest of the country due to the Alps; however, average temperatures between Southern and Northern Italy are not significant, especially in the summer. The main difference between the north and south lies in the rainfall. In the north, Italy gets an annual average of 30 inches of rain, and the south receives around 35 to 40 inches. With its significantly different rainy season, temperatures tend to fluctuate during the winter. The temperatures rise most dramatically in May, June, and July for the north and the south; and they drop most dramatically in October. Here are some of the average, minimum, and maximum temperatures in Northern Italian cities, specifically the Lombardy region.

Humidity and Rainfall in Italy

Italy is not a particularly sunny country. Studies show that less than half of the days throughout the entire year get sunshine, and those days are typically in the summer. Out of the given regions, Southern Italy seems to get the most amount of sunshine, averaging 200 days per year. As for northern regions, many of them hardly exceed 150. If you want sunshine in northern parts of the country, visit Italy in May through August; otherwise, you are probably in for rain!

Likewise, Italy is incredibly humid in the summer, which can be a problem for those who are used to drier climates. Due to the condensation as a result of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy’s air can be quite humid in the summer.

Environmental Issues: Flooding and Pollution

Many of Italy’s environmental issues are manmade. It is facing industrial issues due to air and water pollution. Because Italy has no natural resources, it must rely on imports to supply the country’s needs. As a result, pollution from transportation and acid rain are all too common. The main issue lies in Italy’s disposal program, which seems to rely on the Mediterranean Sea and the exportation of trash to solve its problems.

As for natural issues, one of Italy’s main issues is flooding. It is surrounded by water, and its southern parts are quite close to sea level. The country also experiences heaps of rain, and, under the right circumstances, too much rain yields disaster. According to a census and flood study, Italy is one of the most densely populated areas at risk for major flooding. Floods and landslides are a legitimate issue, taking hundreds of lives every year. The country is also suffering from climate change as a result of pollution, but many environmentalist agencies are trying to change that.


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