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Luxembourg (City) - Overview
Luxembourg is one of the world's smallest countries, with a land area of just 2,586 square kilometers (999 square miles) – slightly smaller than Rhode Island in the US. Luxembourg is a landlocked country, with Germany up North, Belgium to the west and France down south. Located in the center of Western Europe, Luxembourg City is located about 190 km (118 miles) from the German city of Cologne, 188 km (117 miles) from the Belgium city of Brussels, and 289 km (179 miles) from the French city of Paris. Luxembourg City is located at the confluence of the Alzette and Petrusse rivers.
Luxembourg is one of the six founding members of the EEC (now known as the EU). The European Court of Justice, the European Commission, the secretariat of the European Parliament and the European Investment Bank are some of the EU institutions that are located in Luxembourg. Most of these institutions are located northeast of Luxembourg City, in the Kirchberg quarter. Luxembourg City is the capital and seat for the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Luxembourg's Grand Ducal Family – the only Grand Duchy in the world - resides in Luxembourg City. There are three districts in Luxembourg – Diekirch, Grevenmacher, and Luxembourg.
The total population of Luxembourg is under half a million, at about 459,500, and about 23% of that population resides in Luxembourg City and its surrounding communes (Hesperange, Sandweiler, Strassen and Walferdange). Luxembourg City is the most populous city in Luxembourg. There are an extremely high proportion of foreigners living in Luxembourg – around 40% of the total population is foreigners, and more than 65% of people employed in Luxembourg City are foreigners. The main nationalities residing in Luxembourg who do not have a Luxembourg passport are from other EU nationalities. As of 2008, the largest group of foreigners are the Portuguese (76,600), followed by the French (26,550), Italians (19,050), Belgians (16,500) and Germans (11,600). About 14% of foreigners living in Luxembourg are from outside the EU – 2,200 Danes, 1,850 Poles, 1,050 Chinese, 1,250 Irish, 250 Canadians and 200 Indians. Expatriates living and work in Luxembourg City often find themselves working in a mini "United Nations" situation. Many expatriates who have lived or are living in Luxembourg City agree that understanding and learning to respect and accept other cultures and languages are inherent parts of the expatriate experience of Luxembourg City.
While Luxembourg has not much in terms of natural resources, Luxembourg City is internationally recognized as an important banking / financial and administrative center. Expatriates relocating to this City should note that Luxembourg City is considered one of the wealthiest cities in the world. Luxembourg has the highest minimum salary in the EU, so the residents of Luxembourg enjoy a high standard of living and comfort.
To help new expatriates adjust to living in Luxembourg City, the Bierge Center at 51 Boulevard Royal has a team of resource persons to provide advice on applications and registrations, social security benefits and integration programs. The counter is open on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays from 830am to 1130am, and on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 130 to 430pm, and the resource persons can offer advice in English, Portuguese, Italian, in addition to Luxembourgish, German and French. Call 4796 2751 to make an appointment.
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