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Hong Kong - Waste Disposal

Due to the number of people and businesses, and the small size of Hong Kong, an impending waste problem looms. Hong Kong generates municipal solid waste (MSW), construction waste, and other special wastes like chemical waste and livestock waste. It is the municipal solid waste includes waste that is the concern of the residents of Hong Kong.

More than 6 million tons of MSW are generated ever year. Hong Kong’s three landfills receive more than half of this. If waste continues to be generated at its current rate then an extra 400 hectares of land will be needed to develop new landfill sites by 2030. The government published "A Policy Framework for the Management of MSW (2005-2014)" (Policy Framework) in December 2005 to address the waste problem.

The Hong Kong government encourages its citizens to recycle and reduce the amount of their waste. Recycling your domestic waste by participating in the Programme on Source Separation of Domestic Waste and separating waste with the bins on housing estates can help with the city’s recycling plans. Residents can also recycle rechargeable batteries and electronic equipment by using some of the collection points that are located in stores and railway stations throughout Hong Kong. Some of the items that can be recycled include heaters, computers, fans, rice cookers, televisions, and audio equipment. If the items can be repaired, they will be fixed and then donated to charity.

In 2005, The Programme on Source Separation of Domestic Waste was initiated to help residents separate their waste. Property management companies are encouraged to offer waste separation facilities on floor of their building as well as accepting a variety of items that can be recycled. In addition to plastic bottles, paper, and aluminum cans and other items can now be recycled as well. These include mixed plastics, metal cans, plastic bags, and mixed metal items. Buildings or housing estates can also have occasional large scale collection programs for different kinds of reusable and recyclable materials like electrical appliances, computers, clothing, and electronics.

Residents can also visit different locations throughout the city and transport their recyclable materials there. The Community Recycling Network was created to awaken public awareness regarding recycling. The Network provides collection points for some of the more low-valued recyclables such as waste plastics, glass bottles and small waste electrical and electronic equipment.

Recycling organizations exist throughout Hong Kong, too. Organizations such as Caritas, Crossroads Foundation Limited, Friends of the Earth, Oxfam Hong Kong, Hong Chi Association, Christian Concern for the Homeless Association, James Lung International Arts and Cultural Exchange Association, Tai Po Environmental Association, and The Methodist Church, Hong Kong accept different items that might otherwise have been thrown away. The items might vary, some only accept clothing for instance, so it’s important to check with the organization first.

For more information regarding waste reduction and recycling, the Environmental Protection Department has a Recycling Helpline that offers local waste recycling statistics, technical advice on waste reduction, information on government initiatives, and a list of waste collectors and recyclers.
Environmental Protection Department
Customer Service Centre
Tel: 852 2838 3111
Email: recycling_helpline@epd.gov.hk
http://www.epd.gov.hk

If you live in an apartment building, then your waste will be collected with the rest of the building’s waste. The cost should be part of your management fee. You might also be charged an additional amount for sewage.



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