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Antigua and Barbuda – Employment Terms and Conditions

Antigua and Barbuda is a small island nation located in the Caribbean Sea. The country has a population of around 100,000 people and a tourism-driven economy. If you’re considering working in Antigua and Barbuda, it’s important to understand the country’s employment terms and conditions.

Working Hours in Antigua and Barbuda

The standard working week in Antigua and Barbuda is 40 hours, with most employees working from Monday to Friday. The working day is typically divided into two parts, with a break for lunch in the middle. The length of the lunch break varies depending on the employer, but it’s usually around one hour.

Employees in Antigua and Barbuda are entitled to at least one day off per week, usually on Sundays. However, there are some exceptions, such as in the case of emergency services and certain industries where work on Sundays is required.

Employment Rights and Benefits

Employees in Antigua and Barbuda are entitled to a number of rights and benefits, including minimum wage, paid holidays, sick leave, and parental leave. The country’s labor laws are designed to protect workers and ensure fair treatment in the workplace.

Minimum Wage

The minimum wage in Antigua and Barbuda is currently EC$7.50 per hour for non-tipped employees and EC$4.50 per hour for tipped employees. This wage is adjusted annually in line with inflation.


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Paid Holidays

Employees in Antigua and Barbuda are entitled to a minimum of 14 days of paid holiday per year, which increases to 21 days after five years of continuous service with the same employer.

Sick Leave

Employees in Antigua and Barbuda are entitled to paid sick leave, which is calculated based on their length of service. For the first year of employment, employees are entitled to five days of sick leave. This increases to 10 days for the second year, and 15 days for the third year and beyond.

Parental Leave

Employees in Antigua and Barbuda are entitled to parental leave, which can be taken by either parent following the birth or adoption of a child. The leave entitlement varies depending on the number of children and the length of service, but can be up to 13 weeks.

Pensions

All employees in Antigua and Barbuda are entitled to a state pension, which is paid by the Social Security Board. The pension is calculated based on the employee’s length of service and their contributions to the system.

The retirement age in Antigua and Barbuda is currently 60 years old, but this is expected to rise to 65 in the coming years. In order to receive a full state pension, employees must have contributed to the system for at least 25 years.

In addition to the state pension, there are also private pension schemes available in Antigua and Barbuda. These are usually offered by employers as part of their employee benefits package. Private pensions in Antigua and Barbuda can take a number of different forms, including defined benefit schemes and defined contribution schemes.

Health Insurance

All employees in Antigua and Barbuda are required to have health insurance, which is provided by the Social Security Board. This covers both medical treatment and prescription drugs.

In addition to the basic health insurance provided by the government, many employers in Antigua and Barbuda offer private health insurance as part of their employee benefits package. Private health insurance can provide additional coverage for things like dental care, vision care, and alternative therapies.

In conclusion, Antigua and Barbuda offers a range of employment terms and conditions that are designed to protect workers and ensure fair treatment in the workplace. From minimum wage to paid holidays, sick leave, parental leave, pensions, and health insurance, employees in Antigua and Barbuda are well-cared for under the country’s labor laws. Whether you’re a local or an expat, understanding these terms and conditions is essential to ensuring that you’re getting the most out of your employment experience in Antigua and Barbuda.


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