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Belgium – Buying or Importing a Car

Belgium is a beautiful country located in Western Europe known for its medieval cities, picturesque countryside, and delicious cuisine. If you are planning to move to Belgium or stay there for an extended period, you might want to consider buying or importing a vehicle. In this article, we will discuss the procedure for buying a new or used car in Belgium, importing a vehicle, and selling a car.

Buying a Car in Belgium

If you are a foreign national planning to buy a car in Belgium, you need to have a valid residence permit or visa. Once you have met these requirements, you can start looking for a car.

Procedure for Buying a New Car

If you are buying a new car in Belgium, the process is relatively straightforward. You can visit a car dealership and choose the model that you want to buy. The dealership will provide you with a sales contract, and you will have to pay a deposit. The deposit is usually 10% of the car’s price.

Once you have paid the deposit, the dealership will order the car from the manufacturer. The delivery time depends on the model and availability. When the car arrives, you will have to pay the remaining amount and sign the sales contract. The dealership will register the car in your name and provide you with the necessary paperwork.

Procedure for Buying a Used Car


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Buying a used car in Belgium requires more effort than buying a new car. You can find used cars for sale online, in newspapers, or at car dealerships. When you have found a car that you are interested in, you should arrange a meeting with the seller to inspect the car.

When inspecting a used car, you should check the car’s condition, mileage, and history. You should also take the car for a test drive to see how it handles. If you are satisfied with the car, you can make an offer to the seller.

If the seller accepts your offer, you need to sign a sales contract and pay a deposit. The deposit is usually 10% of the car’s price. You should also check if the car has any outstanding debts or fines. The seller should provide you with the necessary paperwork, including the car’s registration certificate.

When you have paid the remaining amount, the seller will transfer the car’s ownership to you, and you will receive the car’s registration certificate. You should also obtain car insurance and register the car with the Belgian Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport.

Importing a Vehicle in Belgium

If you want to import a vehicle into Belgium, you need to follow specific procedures and regulations. The import process depends on the vehicle’s origin and age.

Importing a Vehicle from the EU

If you are importing a vehicle from the EU, the process is relatively straightforward. You need to obtain the following documents:

  • Certificate of Conformity
  • Original registration certificate
  • Bill of sale or proof of ownership
  • European Accident Statement

You should also check if the vehicle meets the Belgian technical requirements, including emissions and safety standards. You can obtain more information about the technical requirements from the Belgian Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport.

When you have obtained the necessary documents, you should present them to the Belgian Customs authorities. The Customs authorities will verify the documents and check the vehicle’s condition. If the vehicle meets the technical requirements and the paperwork is in order, you can register the vehicle in Belgium.

Importing a Vehicle from Non-EU Countries

If you are importing a vehicle from non-EU countries, the process is more complex. You need to follow the following steps:

  1. Obtain a Certificate of Conformity: You need to obtain a Certificate of Conformity from the vehicle manufacturer or an authorized importer. The Certificate of Conformity ensures that the vehicle meets the Belgian technical requirements, including emissions and safety standards.

    1. Pay the Taxes and Duties: You need to pay the following taxes and duties:
    • Customs Duty: depends on the vehicle’s value
    • Value-Added Tax (VAT): 21% of the vehicle’s value
    • Registration Tax: depends on the vehicle’s CO2 emissions, age, and engine size
    1. Present the Documents to the Customs Authorities: When the vehicle arrives in Belgium, you should present the necessary documents to the Customs authorities. The Customs authorities will verify the documents and check the vehicle’s condition. If the vehicle meets the technical requirements and the paperwork is in order, you can register the vehicle in Belgium.

    If you have any questions about the import process, you can contact the Belgian Customs authorities or the Belgian Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport.

    Selling a Car in Belgium

    If you want to sell a car in Belgium, you need to follow specific procedures and regulations.

    Procedure for Selling a Car

    When you want to sell a car in Belgium, you need to follow the following steps:

    1. Obtain a Technical Inspection: You need to obtain a technical inspection of the car. The technical inspection is valid for one year.

    2. Advertise the Car: You should advertise the car in newspapers, online classifieds, or at car dealerships.

    3. Negotiate the Price: When a buyer is interested in the car, you should negotiate the price and sign a sales contract.

    4. Transfer the Ownership: When you have received the payment, you should transfer the car’s ownership to the buyer. You need to provide the buyer with the car’s registration certificate and the technical inspection report.

    5. Cancel the Insurance and Road Tax: You should cancel the car’s insurance and road tax.

    Paperwork Required for Selling a Car

    When you sell a car in Belgium, you need to provide the following paperwork:

    • Sales Contract: The sales contract should include the names and addresses of the buyer and seller, the car’s details, the price, and the payment terms.
    • Registration Certificate: The registration certificate should be signed by the seller and the buyer.
    • Technical Inspection Report: The technical inspection report should be valid and signed by an authorized inspection center.

    If you have any questions about the selling process, you can contact the Belgian Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport or an authorized inspection center.

    Buying or importing a vehicle in Belgium requires following specific procedures and regulations. If you are a foreign national, you need to have a valid residence permit or visa before buying or importing a vehicle. If you are importing a vehicle, you need to obtain the necessary documents, pay the taxes and duties, and present the paperwork to the Customs authorities. If you are selling a car, you need to obtain a technical inspection, advertise the car, negotiate the price, transfer the ownership, and cancel the insurance and road tax. By following the procedures and regulations, you can buy or sell a car in Belgium without any legal issues.

    If you need more information about buying or importing a vehicle in Belgium, you can contact the Belgian Customs authorities, the Belgian Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport, or an authorized inspection center. These government departments and agencies can provide you with the necessary information and guidance to ensure a smooth and legal process.


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