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Indonesia – Citizenship

Indonesia’s citizenship laws are based on the principle of jus sanguinis, meaning that citizenship is acquired by birth to an Indonesian parent, regardless of the place of birth. However, there are several other ways to acquire citizenship in Indonesia.

To apply for citizenship in Indonesia, an individual must meet the following requirements:

  • Have resided in Indonesia for at least five consecutive years, or three years if married to an Indonesian citizen
  • Be of good character and have no criminal record
  • Be able to speak the Indonesian language
  • Have a clear understanding of Indonesian culture and history
  • Be able to provide evidence of financial stability

Process of Applying for Citizenship in Indonesia

The process for applying for citizenship in Indonesia involves several steps:

  1. Submitting an application to the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, along with required documents, such as a birth certificate, passport, and evidence of residency and financial stability.
  2. Attending an interview and taking a language proficiency test to demonstrate a clear understanding of the Indonesian language and culture.
  3. Waiting for the application to be processed, which can take up to two years.
  4. Upon approval, taking an oath of loyalty to the Republic of Indonesia in front of a government official.

Advantages of Being Granted Citizenship in Indonesia

Becoming a citizen of Indonesia has several advantages, including:

  • The ability to vote in elections
  • Access to government benefits and services, such as healthcare and education
  • The ability to own property and run a business in Indonesia without restriction
  • The ability to live and work in Indonesia without a visa or work permit
  • The ability to travel to other countries with an Indonesian passport, which provides visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to several countries.

Rules Surrounding Dual Citizenship in Indonesia

Indonesia does not recognize dual citizenship, and individuals who acquire Indonesian citizenship are required to renounce their previous citizenship. However, there are some exceptions for those who obtain dual citizenship at birth, such as children born to an Indonesian parent and a foreign parent.

Reliable Information on Citizenship in Indonesia

For reliable and up-to-date information on citizenship in Indonesia, individuals can visit the website of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights or consult with an immigration lawyer.


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