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Turkey – Employment Terms and Conditions

Working Hours in Turkey

The standard working week in Turkey is 45 hours, which is usually spread over six days. However, some industries may have different working hours, such as the energy sector which has a 40-hour workweek. Overtime work is allowed in Turkey and is paid at a rate of time-and-a-half.

Employment Rights and Benefits in Turkey

Turkey has several employment rights and benefits in place to protect workers and ensure that they are treated fairly. Some of the key employment rights and benefits in Turkey include:

Annual Leave

Employees in Turkey are entitled to paid annual leave after working for one year. The amount of leave is determined by the length of service, with employees entitled to 14 days of leave for the first year of employment and up to 26 days after 15 years of employment.

Sick Leave

Employees in Turkey are entitled to paid sick leave if they are unable to work due to illness or injury. The duration of the sick leave entitlement depends on the length of service and the nature of the illness or injury.


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Maternity Leave

Mothers in Turkey are entitled to 16 weeks of maternity leave, which is paid at 100% of their salary. Mothers are also entitled to an additional two years of unpaid maternity leave.

Pensions

Pensions are mandatory in Turkey for all employees aged 18 to 45 who have been employed for more than three months. Employers are required to contribute a minimum of 3% of the employee’s salary to a pension fund, and employees are also required to make contributions.

The pension plan is a defined contribution plan, where the employee and employer make contributions to a pension fund. The amount of the pension is based on the amount of contributions made and the investment returns generated.

Pensions for Expats in Turkey

Expats who work in Turkey are entitled to the same pension benefits as Turkish nationals. The pension system in Turkey is based on a defined contribution plan, where the employee and employer make contributions to a pension fund. The amount of the pension is based on the amount of contributions made and the investment returns generated.

Retirement Age in Turkey

The retirement age in Turkey is currently 65 years. However, individuals have the option to retire earlier or later, but their pension benefits will be adjusted accordingly.

Turkey offers a range of employment terms and conditions to protect workers and ensure that they are treated fairly. From annual leave to sick leave and pensions, Turkish law ensures that employees are provided with adequate benefits.

Expats who work in Turkey are entitled to the same pension benefits as Turkish nationals, and it is important for them to understand their entitlements and obligations under Turkish employment law to ensure that they are receiving the benefits they are entitled to and complying with their legal requirements as employees or self-employed workers.

The retirement age in Turkey may change in the future, and it is important for individuals to plan for their retirement accordingly, whether through a pension scheme provided by their employer or a private pension scheme.

Overall, Turkey offers a range of employment terms and conditions that are designed to protect workers and ensure that they are treated fairly. Expats who work in Turkey can expect to receive similar benefits to nationals, and it is important for them to understand their entitlements and obligations under Turkish employment law.


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