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Bulgaria – Health Service

Bulgaria is a country located in Southeast Europe, bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. The country has a population of approximately 7 million people, and the healthcare system is administered by the Ministry of Health. In this article, we will explore the healthcare system in Bulgaria and answer some important questions related to healthcare services in the country.

Standard of healthcare in Bulgaria

The healthcare system in Bulgaria is a mix of public and private healthcare providers. The country has a universal healthcare system that provides access to medical care to all Bulgarian citizens and residents. The standard of healthcare in Bulgaria is considered average compared to other European Union countries. Bulgaria has a high rate of doctors per capita, with over 4 doctors per 1,000 people. The country also has a high rate of hospital beds per capita, with over 6 hospital beds per 1,000 people.

Healthcare payment in Bulgaria

The Bulgarian healthcare system is funded by taxes and mandatory social insurance contributions. All Bulgarian citizens and residents are required to have health insurance coverage, which is funded by mandatory contributions from employers and employees. The National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) is responsible for collecting and managing the funds for the healthcare system in Bulgaria.

Private healthcare insurance is also available in Bulgaria, but it is not mandatory. Private healthcare insurance is generally affordable and provides additional coverage for services not covered by the public healthcare system. Private healthcare providers are typically more expensive than public providers, but they offer shorter waiting times and more personalized services.

Services provided by hospitals in Bulgaria

Hospitals in Bulgaria offer a wide range of medical services, including emergency care, outpatient services, and inpatient services. Hospitals in the country are classified into three levels, with level 1 hospitals providing basic medical services, level 2 hospitals providing specialized medical services, and level 3 hospitals providing highly specialized medical services.

Patients in Bulgarian hospitals are generally required to provide their own toiletries and personal care items. Patients are also expected to bring their own bedding, unless they are in a private room. In addition, family members of patients are expected to provide some care for their loved ones, including helping with bathing, dressing, and feeding.


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Follow up care after hospital treatment

After receiving hospital treatment in Bulgaria, patients are generally provided with instructions for follow-up care. Patients are expected to follow up with their primary care physician or specialist as directed. If the patient requires additional medical care or treatment, they can visit a public or private healthcare provider for follow-up services.

Medical treatment for foreign visitors

Foreign visitors to Bulgaria are required to have valid health insurance coverage that covers the cost of medical treatment in the country. Visitors who do not have insurance coverage are required to pay for medical services out of pocket.

The healthcare system in Bulgaria is a mix of public and private healthcare providers, and the standard of healthcare is considered average compared to other European Union countries. The Bulgarian healthcare system is funded by taxes and mandatory social insurance contributions, and private healthcare insurance is also available. Hospitals in Bulgaria offer a wide range of medical services, and patients are generally required to provide their own personal care items and bedding. After receiving hospital treatment in Bulgaria, patients are provided with instructions for follow-up care. Foreign visitors to Bulgaria are required to have valid health insurance coverage that covers the cost of medical treatment in the country.


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