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Canada – Visas

Visa Regulations for Entering Canada

Canada has a range of visa regulations that apply to visitors entering the country, including rules around eligibility, documentation, and the length of stay. Here are the most important regulations to be aware of:

  • Eligibility: Visitors to Canada must meet specific eligibility criteria, such as having a valid passport, being in good health, and having no criminal record. Additionally, they may need to provide proof of financial support and/or a travel itinerary.

  • Documentation: Visitors to Canada may need to provide additional documentation, such as a letter of invitation from a Canadian host, a statement of purpose, or a letter from their employer.

  • Length of stay: The length of stay for visitors to Canada is determined by the visa type and may range from a few days to several years. Visitors who want to extend their stay in Canada must apply for an extension before their current visa expires.

Visitors can successfully navigate these regulations by thoroughly researching the requirements for their specific visa type, as well as by ensuring that they have all required documents and evidence of eligibility. Additionally, it is helpful to consult with a Canadian immigration lawyer or the Canadian government’s immigration website for more information and guidance.

Types of Visas in Canada

Canada offers several different types of visas to visitors, each with its own specific requirements and restrictions. Here are the main visa types available in Canada:

  • Tourist Visa: This visa is for visitors who want to come to Canada for leisure or to visit family and friends. It allows for a stay of up to six months.

  • Work Visa: This visa is for individuals who are coming to Canada to work temporarily. It requires a job offer from a Canadian employer and a Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).

  • Study Visa: This visa is for individuals who are coming to Canada to study at a designated learning institution. It requires proof of enrolment and financial support.

  • Business Visa: This visa is for individuals who are coming to Canada for business purposes, such as attending meetings or negotiating deals. It may be valid for up to six months.

  • Permanent Residence Visa: This visa is for individuals who want to live and work in Canada permanently. It requires a job offer, a points-based assessment, and the completion of medical and security checks.

Visa Exemptions in Canada


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There are some countries whose citizens are exempt from the requirement to obtain a visa to enter Canada. These countries include:

  • Australia
  • New Zealand
  • United States

Citizens of these countries may enter Canada with a valid passport and may stay for up to six months.

Visa and Residency Status in Canada

A visitor’s visa and residency status in Canada are closely linked. A visitor who holds a temporary visa, such as a tourist or work visa, may not be eligible for permanent residency in Canada. However, individuals who hold a permanent residency visa are eligible to live and work in Canada indefinitely.

Reliable Information on Visas for Canada

Expats can go to the following websites for reliable information on visas for entry into Canada:

How and When to Apply

In order to enter Canada, a visitor visa may be required for some individuals. To determine if you need a visa, use the Government of Canada’s online tool: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/visit-canada.html.

Visitor visas can be applied for online through the Government of Canada’s website or by mail. The application process usually takes several weeks, so it is recommended to apply as early as possible to ensure enough time for processing.

Relevant Forms and Authorities

The relevant form to fill out when applying for a visitor visa is the Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) form. It can be found here: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/application/application-forms-guides/guide-5507-temporary-resident-visa.html.

The relevant authority to contact for questions and information about visas is Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). They can be reached at 1-888-242-2100 (in Canada) or at +1-613-996-8885 (outside of Canada).

Where to Apply for a Visa

US Expats

US expats can apply for a visa at the nearest Canadian consulate in the US. A list of consulates can be found here: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/visit-canada/offices/us.html.

UK Expats

UK expats can apply for a visa at the nearest Canadian consulate in the UK. A list of consulates can be found here: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/visit-canada/offices/uk.html.

Documents Required for a Visa Application

The following documents are required when applying for a visitor visa:

  • Passport or travel document
  • Completed Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) form
  • Two passport photos
  • Proof of financial support during your stay in Canada
  • Proof of the purpose of your visit to Canada (e.g. itinerary, invitation letter, etc.)

Additional information on required documents can be found on the Government of Canada’s website: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/visit-canada/documents.html.

Translations of any documents not in English or French may be required. A list of authorized translators can be found on the Government of Canada’s website: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/application/help-inside/authorized-representatives/translators.html.

Duration of Application Process

The processing time for visitor visa applications can vary, but it typically takes several weeks. The current processing time can be found on the Government of Canada’s website: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/application-processing-times.html.

Cost of Applying for a Visa

The cost of applying for a visitor visa is CAD$100. There may also be additional fees for biometrics, translations, or for using the services of an authorized representative. A full list of fees can be found on the Government of Canada’s website: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-


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