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Germany – Citizenship

Germany has a well-defined set of rules and regulations for people to become citizens. Citizenship laws in Germany are regulated by the German Nationality Act (StAG). Citizenship is granted to people who have certain residency requirements and are eligible through one of the following ways:

  • Birth to a German parent
  • German naturalization
  • Birth within German territory to non-German parents

Process of Applying for Citizenship in Germany

The German Nationality Act lays down certain conditions that must be fulfilled before one can apply for German citizenship. These conditions include:

  • The applicant must be at least 16 years of age.
  • The applicant must have lived in Germany for at least eight years.
  • The applicant must have a clean criminal record.
  • The applicant must pass a German language test to prove their proficiency in the language.
  • The applicant must have a basic knowledge of German society, history, and legal system.

After meeting these conditions, the applicant must submit an application for naturalization to the local naturalization authority. The application must include all the necessary documents, such as a valid passport, proof of residence, proof of German language proficiency, and proof of basic knowledge of German society.

Once the application is submitted, it is reviewed by the local naturalization authority, which forwards it to the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) for further processing. The BAMF carries out a thorough background check, verifies the applicant’s credentials, and conducts an interview to test the applicant’s knowledge of German society and legal system.

After the application is approved by the BAMF, it is forwarded to the responsible state or local authority for the final decision. The applicant is then notified if their application for citizenship is granted or denied.

Advantages of Being Granted Citizenship in Germany

German citizenship comes with a number of advantages, including:


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  • The right to live and work in Germany without a visa or work permit.
  • The right to vote in local, state, and federal elections.
  • Access to social welfare benefits and services.
  • The ability to travel on a German passport, which offers visa-free access to many countries.
  • The ability to apply for a German passport for family members.
  • The ability to obtain consular protection from German embassies and consulates around the world.

Rules Surrounding Dual Citizenship in Germany

Germany allows dual citizenship, but it is subject to certain conditions. German citizenship can be acquired by birth or through naturalization, and in both cases, dual citizenship is allowed only in specific circumstances.

  • If the applicant is a citizen of another EU country, Switzerland, or Norway, they are allowed to have dual citizenship.
  • If the applicant is from a non-EU country, they are usually required to renounce their previous citizenship. However, there are some exceptions to this rule, such as if the applicant is married to a German citizen or if the applicant’s home country does not allow them to renounce their citizenship.

Reliable Information on Citizenship in Germany

For further information on German citizenship, applicants can consult the website of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) or the German embassy in their home country. It is recommended to seek the advice of a qualified immigration lawyer to ensure the proper application process and fulfillment of requirements.


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