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Greece – Citizenship

Citizenship in Greece is mainly based on the principle of jus sanguinis, which means citizenship is acquired by descent. This means that individuals born to Greek parents or grandparents are eligible for Greek citizenship. In addition, individuals who have been resident in Greece for a specific period may be eligible for citizenship through naturalization.

Process of Applying for Citizenship in Greece

The process for obtaining Greek citizenship depends on the basis of eligibility.

Citizenship by descent

To apply for citizenship by descent, you will need to provide evidence that you are descended from a Greek citizen. This can include birth certificates, marriage certificates, and other documents that establish your lineage. You will also need to provide evidence of your identity and pay an application fee.

Citizenship by naturalization

To apply for citizenship by naturalization, you will need to meet specific requirements, including:

  • Being at least 18 years old
  • Being a resident in Greece for a minimum of seven years
  • Holding a valid residence permit for the duration of your stay in Greece
  • Being able to demonstrate that you are financially self-sufficient
  • Passing a Greek language test
  • Passing a test on the Greek Constitution and history

Once you have met the requirements, you can submit an application for citizenship. The application will be reviewed by the Ministry of Interior and, if approved, you will be invited to take an oath of allegiance to Greece.

Advantages of Being Granted Citizenship in Greece

Greek citizenship provides several advantages, including:


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  • The right to live and work in Greece without a visa or residence permit
  • The ability to participate in Greek elections and vote
  • Access to Greek social services, such as healthcare and education
  • The ability to travel freely within the European Union
  • The ability to apply for a Greek passport, which is one of the most powerful in the world in terms of visa-free travel

Rules Surrounding Dual Citizenship in Greece

Greek law allows for dual citizenship, so you do not need to renounce your existing citizenship to become a citizen of Greece. However, some countries may not recognize dual citizenship, so it is important to check with your home country before applying for Greek citizenship.

Reliable Information on Citizenship in Greece

For reliable, up-to-date information on citizenship in Greece, you can visit the website of the Hellenic Ministry of Interior or contact a Greek consulate or embassy in your home country. It is also advisable to consult with an immigration lawyer who specializes in Greek citizenship to ensure that you have all the information you need to make an informed decision.


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