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Portugal – Citizenship

In Portugal, citizenship can be acquired in several ways. The most common ways to become a Portuguese citizen are through birth, marriage, naturalization, and through ancestry.

Birth

A person born in Portugal to at least one parent who was also born in Portugal, or who has been a resident in Portugal for at least two years, is automatically a Portuguese citizen.

Marriage

Foreigners who are married to a Portuguese citizen for at least three years may be eligible to apply for citizenship, as long as they can demonstrate that they have a strong connection to Portugal and can speak Portuguese.

Naturalization

Foreigners who have been legally resident in Portugal for at least five years may apply for citizenship through naturalization. There are also accelerated paths to citizenship for people of Portuguese ancestry, refugees, and individuals with exceptional circumstances.

Process of Applying for Citizenship in Portugal

The process of applying for citizenship in Portugal involves submitting an application to the Portuguese government, along with supporting documentation. The specific documents required vary depending on the basis for the application, but generally include:

  • A valid passport or other travel documents
  • Proof of legal residency in Portugal for the required period
  • Criminal record check
  • Proof of language proficiency in Portuguese
  • Proof of financial independence or employment in Portugal
  • Birth certificate (if applicable)

Once the application is submitted, it may take several months or even years for it to be processed.


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Advantages of Being Granted citizenship in Portugal

As a citizen of Portugal, you will have the right to live and work in Portugal, as well as in any other European Union country. Portuguese citizens can also travel freely within the Schengen Area, which includes most of the EU, and have access to various social benefits and services, including healthcare and education.

Dual Citizenship in Portugal

Portugal recognizes dual citizenship, so it is not necessary to renounce your existing citizenship in order to become a citizen of Portugal. However, it is important to note that some countries do not recognize dual citizenship, so it is important to check the laws of your home country before applying for Portuguese citizenship.

Reliable Information on Citizenship in Portugal

The official website of the Portuguese government provides information on citizenship and residency in Portugal, including the requirements for applying for citizenship and the documents needed to support an application.


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