Home » Spain » Spain – Residency

Spain – Residency

Types of residency available in Spain

Spain offers several types of residency permits to foreign nationals who wish to live and work in the country. The available types of residency are as follows:

Temporary Residency

Temporary residency permits are available to foreign nationals who wish to stay in Spain for a period of more than 90 days but less than five years. There are several types of temporary residency permits available, including:

Non-lucrative residency

This permit is intended for individuals who can demonstrate sufficient financial resources to support themselves during their stay in Spain without the need to work. This permit is not available to individuals who intend to work in Spain.

Work and residence permit

This permit is for individuals who have a job offer or are self-employed in Spain. The permit is tied to the individual’s work contract or business activities and is only valid for the duration of the contract or activity.


Get Our Best Articles Every Month!

Get our free moving abroad email course AND our top stories in your inbox every month


Unsubscribe any time. We respect your privacy - read our privacy policy.


Student permit

This permit is for students who wish to study in Spain for a period of more than 90 days. To obtain a student permit, the individual must be enrolled in an accredited educational institution in Spain and have sufficient financial resources to support themselves during their stay.

Family reunification permit

This permit is for family members of Spanish citizens or individuals with Spanish residency permits. The family member must have a valid relationship with the Spanish citizen or resident and must demonstrate sufficient financial resources to support themselves during their stay.

Permanent Residency

Permanent residency permits are available to foreign nationals who have legally resided in Spain for five years or more. Permanent residents have the same rights and obligations as Spanish citizens, except for the right to vote in national elections.

Process for Applying for Residency in Spain

The process for obtaining residency in Spain varies depending on the type of residency permit being applied for. However, there are some general steps that all applicants must follow.

  1. Apply for a visa if required

Citizens of certain countries may need to apply for a visa before they can enter Spain. The visa application process is handled by the Spanish consulate in the applicant’s country of origin.

  1. Apply for a residency permit

Once the applicant is in Spain, they can apply for a residency permit at the Foreigners’ Office (Oficina de Extranjeros) or at the local police station. The application process involves filling out a form, providing supporting documents, and paying a fee.

  1. Attend an appointment

After submitting the application, the applicant will be given an appointment to attend an interview at the Foreigners’ Office or local police station. During the interview, the applicant’s fingerprints will be taken and their documents will be checked.

  1. Wait for a decision

The application will be processed, and the applicant will be notified of the decision. If the application is approved, the applicant will be issued a residency card.

Documents Required for a Residency Permit in Spain

The documents required for a residency permit in Spain vary depending on the type of permit being applied for. However, some of the most common documents required include:

  • Valid passport or travel document
  • Proof of financial resources
  • Criminal record certificate
  • Health insurance
  • Proof of accommodation
  • Work contract or business plan (for work permits)

Registering in Spain

Foreign nationals who plan to reside in Spain for more than three months are required to register with the Central Register of Foreign Nationals (Registro Central de Extranjeros) within 30 days of their arrival in the country. This can be done at the Foreigners’ Office or local police station.

Resources for Residency in Spain


Latest Videos

Expat Focus Financial Update February 2024 #expat #expatlife

Expat Focus 28 February 2024 2:53 pm

This error message is only visible to WordPress admins

Important: No API Key Entered.

Many features are not available without adding an API Key. Please go to the YouTube Feeds settings page to add an API key after following these instructions.