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Australia – Health Issues

Australia is a large and diverse country with a population of approximately 25 million. The life expectancy in Australia is around 83 years old, which is one of the highest in the world. However, there are still several common health issues that affect the population. In this article, we will explore some of the most prevalent health issues in Australia and examine the country’s attitudes towards smoking.

Common Health Issues in Australia


Obesity is a growing problem in Australia, as it is in many other countries. In 2017-2018, it was reported that approximately 67% of adults in Australia were classified as overweight or obese. This is a significant increase from previous years, and it is likely due to changes in lifestyle and diet. The traditional Australian diet is based on meat and dairy products, which can be high in calories and fat, and this may be contributing to the rise in obesity rates.

Heart Disease

Heart disease is a significant health issue in Australia, accounting for around 12% of all deaths. Some of the risk factors for heart disease in Australia include smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and physical inactivity.


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Cancer is another prevalent health issue in Australia, and it is the leading cause of death, accounting for around 30% of all deaths. The most common types of cancer in Australia are lung cancer, breast cancer, and prostate cancer. Some of the risk factors for cancer in Australia include smoking, alcohol consumption, and a poor diet.

Mental Health

Mental health is an emerging health issue in Australia, as it is in many other countries. Depression and anxiety are the most common mental health conditions in Australia, and they are often linked to other health issues, such as obesity and heart disease.

Smoking in Australia

Smoking is becoming less common in Australia, with around 13% of adults reporting that they smoke. This is a significant decrease from previous years, and it is likely due to the government’s measures to reduce smoking rates.


The government of Australia has implemented several measures to reduce smoking rates, including:

  • A ban on smoking in public places, including bars and restaurants
  • A ban on tobacco advertising and sponsorship
  • A requirement for graphic health warnings on cigarette packets
  • Higher taxes on tobacco products

These measures have been effective in reducing smoking rates in Australia, and it is expected that they will continue to be effective in the future.


Attitudes towards smoking in Australia are generally negative, and smoking is increasingly seen as a socially unacceptable habit. However, there are still some people who smoke, and they may be subject to social stigma or ostracism. This is particularly true in workplaces, where smoking is often prohibited.

Australia faces several health issues that are common to other developed countries, including obesity, heart disease, cancer, and mental health problems. However, the government has taken steps to address these issues, and it is expected that the situation will improve in the future. Smoking rates are decreasing in Australia, and the government’s measures to reduce smoking rates are likely to be effective in the long term. Overall, Australia has a strong healthcare system that provides access to high-quality medical care, and the country’s large size and diversity allow for a range of specialized medical services. As long as the government continues to prioritize public health and wellbeing, Australia is well-positioned to continue providing its citizens with a high standard of healthcare.

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