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Malta – Citizenship

Malta has a variety of different ways to obtain citizenship, including citizenship by birth, marriage, and naturalization.

Citizenship by birth

A person born in Malta to Maltese parents is automatically considered a Maltese citizen. Children born to non-Maltese parents may also be granted Maltese citizenship if certain criteria are met, such as if the parents are legal residents of Malta.

Citizenship by marriage

Foreigners who have been legally married to a Maltese citizen for a minimum of five years and who have resided in Malta for at least five years can apply for citizenship.

Citizenship by naturalization

Foreign nationals who have legally resided in Malta for at least five years can apply for Maltese citizenship through naturalization. This is subject to a number of conditions, including proficiency in the Maltese language, and a good knowledge of the country’s history, culture, and democratic institutions.

Process of Applying for Citizenship in Malta

The process of applying for citizenship in Malta varies depending on the type of citizenship being applied for. In general, applicants must submit an application to the Department of Citizenship and Expatriate Affairs, which is a department of the Ministry for Home Affairs and National Security.

Citizenship by birth

Citizenship by birth is automatically granted to individuals who meet the criteria outlined above. However, if the individual’s parents are not Maltese citizens, they must register the birth with the Public Registry and obtain a birth certificate.


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Citizenship by marriage

Foreigners who have been legally married to a Maltese citizen for a minimum of five years and who have resided in Malta for at least five years can apply for citizenship. Applicants must submit an application to the Department of Citizenship and Expatriate Affairs, along with documentation proving their eligibility.

Citizenship by naturalization

Foreign nationals who have legally resided in Malta for at least five years can apply for Maltese citizenship through naturalization. Applicants must submit an application to the Department of Citizenship and Expatriate Affairs, along with documentation proving their eligibility.

Advantages of Being Granted Citizenship in Malta

There are several advantages to being granted Maltese citizenship, including:

  • The ability to live and work in Malta without the need for a work permit
  • The ability to travel freely within the European Union
  • The ability to participate in national elections and to vote in European Parliament elections
  • Access to free healthcare and education
  • The ability to apply for a Maltese passport

Rules Surrounding Dual Citizenship in Malta

Malta recognizes dual citizenship, so individuals who become Maltese citizens are not required to renounce their existing citizenship.

Reliable Information on Citizenship in Malta

Individuals who are interested in applying for Maltese citizenship can visit the website of the Department of Citizenship and Expatriate Affairs for more information. The website provides detailed information on the requirements for citizenship, the application process, and other relevant information.


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