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Portugal – Health Risks, Inoculations, Vaccinations, and Health Certificates

Portugal is a country located in southwestern Europe, known for its beautiful beaches, historic cities, and delicious food. However, like any country, it has its own set of health risks that visitors should be aware of. This article provides an overview of the common health risks in Portugal, the inoculations and vaccinations required for entry, and where to get reliable advice on health risks and vaccination requirements.

Health Risks in Portugal

Portugal is a relatively safe country in terms of health risks. However, visitors should be aware of the following:

Sun exposure

Portugal has a Mediterranean climate, and visitors should take precautions to avoid sunburn and heat exhaustion. Sunscreen, hats, and protective clothing should be used to prevent sun damage, and visitors should stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water.

Tick-borne diseases

Tick-borne diseases such as Lyme disease are present in Portugal, particularly in rural and forested areas. Visitors should take precautions to avoid tick bites by wearing long-sleeved shirts and pants, using insect repellent, and checking their skin and clothing for ticks after outdoor activities.


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Food and water-borne illnesses

Portugal has generally good food and water quality, and tap water is safe to drink in most urban areas. However, visitors who plan to consume raw or undercooked foods should be aware of the risks of foodborne illnesses, such as gastroenteritis. It is advisable to consume only pasteurized dairy products and to wash fruits and vegetables before eating them.

Inoculations, Vaccinations and Health Certificates for Entry into Portugal

There are no specific inoculations or vaccinations required for entry into Portugal. However, visitors should ensure that their routine vaccinations, such as measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR), are up-to-date.

Where to Get Reliable Advice on Health Risks and Vaccination Requirements

The Portuguese government provides reliable information on health risks and vaccination requirements through several channels.

Directorate-General of Health

The Directorate-General of Health is the Portuguese government agency responsible for public health. Its website provides up-to-date information on health risks and vaccination requirements, as well as advice on how to stay healthy while in Portugal.

Visitors can also contact the Directorate-General of Health by phone or email for advice on specific health concerns. The Directorate-General of Health can be reached at +351 21 84 90 500 or via email at dgs@dgs.pt.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the Portuguese government agency responsible for foreign affairs. Its website provides information on entry requirements, including vaccination requirements and health certificates.

Visitors can also contact the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for advice on specific travel concerns. They can be reached at +351 21 394 6500 or via email at gabinete.portugues@maec.gov.pt.

In summary, Portugal is a relatively safe country in terms of health risks. Visitors should be aware of the risks of sun exposure, tick-borne diseases, and food and water-borne illnesses. There are no specific inoculations or vaccinations required for entry into Portugal, but visitors should ensure their routine vaccinations are up-to-date.

Visitors can obtain reliable advice on health risks and vaccination requirements from the Directorate-General of Health and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. By taking necessary precautions and staying informed, visitors can enjoy their stay in Portugal while staying healthy and safe.


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