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Argentina – Health Issues

Argentina is a large country located in South America. The population of Argentina is approximately 45 million, and the life expectancy is around 77 years old. While the country has made significant progress in improving public health in recent years, there are still several common health issues that affect the population. In this article, we will explore some of the most prevalent health issues in Argentina and examine the country’s attitudes towards smoking.

Common Health Issues in Argentina


Obesity is a growing problem in Argentina, as it is in many other countries. In 2016, it was reported that approximately 29% of adults in Argentina were classified as overweight, and 21% were classified as obese. This is a significant increase from previous years, and it is likely due to changes in lifestyle and diet. The traditional Argentine diet is based on meat, bread, and wine, which can be high in calories and fat, and this may be contributing to the rise in obesity rates.

Heart Disease

Heart disease is a significant health issue in Argentina, accounting for around 30% of all deaths. This is consistent with other developing countries, where heart disease is also a significant health issue. Some of the risk factors for heart disease in Argentina include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and physical inactivity.


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Cancer is another prevalent health issue in Argentina, and it is the second leading cause of death, accounting for around 20% of all deaths. The most common types of cancer in Argentina are lung cancer, breast cancer, and colorectal cancer. Some of the risk factors for cancer in Argentina include smoking, alcohol consumption, and a poor diet.

Mental Health

Mental health is an emerging health issue in Argentina, as it is in many other countries. There is still a stigma attached to mental illness in Argentina, which may prevent people from seeking treatment. Depression and anxiety are the most common mental health conditions in Argentina, and they are often linked to other health issues, such as obesity and heart disease.

Smoking in Argentina

Smoking is a common habit in Argentina, with around 20% of adults reporting that they smoke. This is consistent with other Latin American countries, where smoking rates are generally higher than in other parts of the world. Despite this, attitudes towards smoking in Argentina are generally negative, and the government has implemented several measures to reduce smoking rates.


In 2011, the government of Argentina passed the National Tobacco Control Law, which aimed to reduce smoking rates in the country. Some of the measures included in the law include:

  • A ban on smoking in public places, including bars and restaurants
  • A ban on tobacco advertising and sponsorship
  • A requirement for graphic health warnings on cigarette packets
  • Higher taxes on tobacco products

These measures have been effective in reducing smoking rates in Argentina, and it is expected that they will continue to be effective in the future.


Attitudes towards smoking in Argentina are generally negative, and smoking is increasingly seen as a socially unacceptable habit. However, there are still some people who smoke, and they may be subject to social stigma or ostracism. This is particularly true in workplaces, where smoking is often prohibited.

Argentina faces several health issues that are common to other developing countries, including obesity, heart disease, cancer, and mental health problems. However, the government has taken steps to address these issues, and it is expected that the situation will improve in the future. Smoking rates are still relatively high in Argentina, but attitudes towards smoking are changing, and the government’s measures to reduce smoking rates are likely to be effective in the long term. Overall, Argentina has made progress in improving public health in recent years, and as long as the government continues to prioritize public health and wellbeing, the country is well-positioned to continue providing its citizens with a high standard of healthcare. Argentina’s healthcare system is considered to be one of the best in Latin America, and the country’s size and diversity allow for a range of specialized medical services. The government has also made efforts to improve access to healthcare for rural and remote communities, which is particularly important in a country as large as Argentina. As the country continues to grow and develop, it is likely that public health will remain a top priority, and the government will continue to take steps to address the most pressing health issues facing the population.

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