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Bahrain – Health Issues

Bahrain is a small island nation located in the Persian Gulf with a population of approximately 1.7 million. The life expectancy in Bahrain is around 76 years old, which is higher than the global average. However, there are still several common health issues that affect the population. In this article, we will explore some of the most prevalent health issues in Bahrain and examine the country’s attitudes towards smoking.

Common Health Issues in Bahrain


Obesity is a growing problem in Bahrain, as it is in many other countries. In 2016, it was reported that approximately 32% of adults in Bahrain were classified as obese. This is a significant increase from previous years, and it is likely due to changes in lifestyle and diet. The traditional Bahraini diet is based on rice, meat, and dairy products, which can be high in calories and fat, and this may be contributing to the rise in obesity rates.

Heart Disease

Heart disease is a significant health issue in Bahrain, accounting for around 30% of all deaths. Some of the risk factors for heart disease in Bahrain include smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and physical inactivity.


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Cancer is another prevalent health issue in Bahrain, and it is the second leading cause of death, accounting for around 22% of all deaths. The most common types of cancer in Bahrain are breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and lung cancer. Some of the risk factors for cancer in Bahrain include smoking, exposure to air pollution, and a poor diet.

Mental Health

Mental health is an emerging health issue in Bahrain, as it is in many other countries. Depression and anxiety are the most common mental health conditions in Bahrain, and they are often linked to other health issues, such as obesity and heart disease.

Smoking in Bahrain

Smoking is relatively common in Bahrain, with around 24% of adults reporting that they smoke. This is higher than the global average, and it is likely due to the country’s long history of tobacco use.


The government of Bahrain has implemented several measures to reduce smoking rates, including:

  • A ban on smoking in public places, including bars and restaurants
  • A ban on tobacco advertising and sponsorship
  • A requirement for graphic health warnings on cigarette packets
  • Higher taxes on tobacco products

These measures have been effective in reducing smoking rates in Bahrain, and it is expected that they will continue to be effective in the future.


Attitudes towards smoking in Bahrain are generally negative, and smoking is increasingly seen as a socially unacceptable habit. However, there are still some people who smoke, and they may be subject to social stigma or ostracism. This is particularly true in workplaces, where smoking is often prohibited.

Bahrain faces several health issues that are common to other developed countries, including obesity, heart disease, cancer, and mental health problems. However, the government has taken steps to address these issues, and it is expected that the situation will improve in the future. Smoking rates are decreasing in Bahrain, and the government’s measures to reduce smoking rates are likely to be effective in the long term. Overall, Bahrain has a strong healthcare system that provides access to high-quality medical care, and the country’s small size allows for more personalized and individualized care. As long as the government continues to prioritize public health and wellbeing, Bahrain is well-positioned to continue providing its citizens with a high standard of healthcare.