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Bahrain – Residency

Bahrain is a small island nation located in the Persian Gulf that is known for its rich history, vibrant culture, and thriving economy. To live and work in Bahrain, foreign nationals need to obtain residency status. There are different types of residency available, depending on the length of stay and the purpose of the visit.

Types of Residency in Bahrain

Temporary Residency

Temporary residency is suitable for individuals who wish to stay in Bahrain for a short period of time. This type of residency can be granted for up to three months and can be renewed for additional periods of three months, up to a maximum of nine months.

Temporary residency is granted for different purposes, such as work, study, or business. To obtain temporary residency, foreign nationals must meet the specific criteria for the visa category they are applying for, including evidence of their financial means to support themselves during their stay, as well as proof of health insurance coverage. Additionally, they may be required to pass a criminal background check and a medical examination.

Permanent Residency

Permanent residency is suitable for individuals who plan to live and work in Bahrain indefinitely. Permanent residency can be granted to foreign nationals who have lived in Bahrain for at least ten years with a valid permit, or who have made significant contributions to the country’s economy or society.


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To obtain permanent residency, foreign nationals must meet the eligibility criteria, which can include a points-based system that takes into account factors such as age, education, work experience, and language proficiency. They must also demonstrate their financial means to support themselves and their dependents, as well as provide proof of health insurance coverage.

Citizenship

Citizenship is the final step in the residency process for foreign nationals who wish to become full members of the Bahraini community. To obtain citizenship, foreign nationals must have lived in Bahrain for a certain period of time, usually 25 years with at least 15 years as a permanent resident. They must also pass a citizenship test that assesses their knowledge of Bahraini history, culture, and values.

Applying for Residency in Bahrain

The process for applying for residency in Bahrain varies depending on the type of residency that is being sought. In general, the process involves the following steps:

  1. Determine the appropriate visa category based on the purpose of the visit and the eligibility criteria.
  2. Prepare the application and the required documents, which can include evidence of financial means, health insurance coverage, criminal background check, and medical examination.
  3. Submit the application and the required documents to the General Directorate of Nationality, Passports, and Residence.
  4. Pay the application fee, which varies depending on the type of residency that is being sought.

The processing time for residency applications can vary depending on the type of residency and the volume of applications, but it can take several weeks.

Documents Required for Residency in Bahrain

To apply for residency in Bahrain, foreign nationals must provide a number of documents, including:

  • Valid passport
  • Birth certificate
  • Marriage certificate, if applicable
  • Criminal background check
  • Medical examination
  • Proof of financial means
  • Proof of health insurance coverage

It is important to note that these requirements can vary depending on the type of residency that is being sought. Applicants should consult the General Directorate of Nationality, Passports, and Residence for detailed information.

Registration in Bahrain

Upon arrival in Bahrain, foreign nationals must register with the Nationality, Passports, and Residence Affairs (NPRA) within one week. This registration process is mandatory and helps the government keep track of the foreign population in the country.

Foreign nationals must also obtain a work permit or business license in order to work or conduct business in Bahrain.

Information on Residence in Bahrain

For reliable and up-to-date information on residence in Bahrain, expats can refer to the following websites:


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