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Brazil – Health Issues

Brazil is the largest country in South America with a population of approximately 213 million. The life expectancy in Brazil is around 75 years old. While the country has made progress in improving public health in recent years, there are still several common health issues that affect the population. In this article, we will explore some of the most prevalent health issues in Brazil and examine the country’s attitudes towards smoking.

Common Health Issues in Brazil


Obesity is a growing problem in Brazil, as it is in many other countries. In 2019, it was reported that approximately 20% of adults in Brazil were classified as obese. This is a significant increase from previous years, and it is likely due to changes in lifestyle and diet. The traditional Brazilian diet is based on rice, beans, and meat, which can be high in calories and fat, and this may be contributing to the rise in obesity rates.

Heart Disease

Heart disease is a significant health issue in Brazil, accounting for around 30% of all deaths. Some of the risk factors for heart disease in Brazil include smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and physical inactivity.


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Cancer is another prevalent health issue in Brazil, and it is the second leading cause of death, accounting for around 16% of all deaths. The most common types of cancer in Brazil are lung cancer, breast cancer, and prostate cancer. Some of the risk factors for cancer in Brazil include smoking, alcohol consumption, and a poor diet.

Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a significant health issue in Brazil, and it is one of the countries with the highest number of reported cases in the world. The disease is spread by mosquitoes, and it can cause severe symptoms, including fever, headache, and joint pain.

Smoking in Brazil

Smoking is relatively common in Brazil, with around 10% of adults reporting that they smoke. While this is lower than in many other countries, smoking rates are still a concern in Brazil due to the country’s large population.


The government of Brazil has implemented several measures to reduce smoking rates, including:

  • A ban on smoking in public places, including bars and restaurants
  • A ban on tobacco advertising and sponsorship
  • A requirement for graphic health warnings on cigarette packets
  • Higher taxes on tobacco products

These measures have been effective in reducing smoking rates in Brazil, and it is expected that they will continue to be effective in the future.


Attitudes towards smoking in Brazil are generally negative, and smoking is increasingly seen as a socially unacceptable habit. However, there are still some people who smoke, and they may be subject to social stigma or ostracism. This is particularly true in workplaces, where smoking is often prohibited.

Brazil faces several health issues that are common to other countries, including obesity, heart disease, cancer, and dengue fever. However, the government has taken steps to address these issues, and it is expected that the situation will improve in the future. Smoking rates are decreasing in Brazil, and the government’s measures to reduce smoking rates are likely to be effective in the long term. Overall, Brazil has a relatively strong healthcare system that provides access to basic medical care, and the country’s large size allows for more specialized and advanced care in urban areas. As long as the government continues to prioritize public health and wellbeing, Brazil is well-positioned to continue improving the health of its citizens. However, there is still work to be done to address the most pressing health issues facing the population, and this will require continued investment in healthcare services and public health initiatives.

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