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Brazil – Residency

Brazil is a large country located in South America that is known for its diverse culture, stunning landscapes, and vibrant cities. To live and work in Brazil, foreign nationals need to obtain residency status. There are different types of residency available, depending on the length of stay and the purpose of the visit.

Types of Residency in Brazil

Temporary Residency

Temporary residency is suitable for individuals who wish to stay in Brazil for a period of up to two years. This type of residency is granted for business, study, work, or family visits, and can be extended for an additional two years.

Foreign nationals who wish to stay in Brazil for longer than four years must apply for permanent residency.

Permanent Residency

Permanent residency is suitable for individuals who plan to live and work in Brazil indefinitely. Permanent residency can be granted to foreign nationals who have lived in Brazil for at least four years on a temporary residency visa, or who have made significant contributions to the country’s economy or society.

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To obtain permanent residency, foreign nationals must meet the eligibility criteria, which can include a points-based system that takes into account factors such as age, education, work experience, and language proficiency. They must also demonstrate their financial means to support themselves and their dependents, as well as provide proof of health insurance coverage.


Citizenship is the final step in the residency process for foreign nationals who wish to become full members of the Brazilian community. To obtain citizenship, foreign nationals must have lived in Brazil for a certain period of time, usually four years as a permanent resident. They must also pass a citizenship test that assesses their knowledge of Brazilian history, culture, and values.

Applying for Residency in Brazil

The process for applying for residency in Brazil varies depending on the type of residency that is being sought. In general, the process involves the following steps:

  1. Determine the appropriate visa category based on the purpose of the visit and the eligibility criteria.
  2. Prepare the application and the required documents, which can include evidence of financial means, health insurance coverage, criminal background check, and medical examination.
  3. Submit the application and the required documents to the Brazilian embassy or consulate in the applicant’s country of origin.
  4. Pay the application fee, which varies depending on the type of residency that is being sought.

The processing time for residency applications can vary depending on the type of residency and the volume of applications, but it can take several months.

Documents Required for Residency in Brazil

To apply for residency in Brazil, foreign nationals must provide a number of documents, including:

  • Valid passport
  • Birth certificate
  • Marriage certificate, if applicable
  • Criminal background check
  • Medical examination
  • Proof of financial means
  • Proof of health insurance coverage

It is important to note that these requirements can vary depending on the type of residency that is being sought. Applicants should consult the Brazilian embassy or consulate for detailed information.

Registration in Brazil

Upon arrival in Brazil, foreign nationals must register with the Brazilian Federal Police within 90 days of their arrival. They must provide their passport, visa, and proof of address, as well as their employment or study details if applicable. They must also obtain a foreign national identification card.

Obtaining residency in Brazil can be a complex process that requires careful planning and attention to detail. Foreign nationals should consult the Brazilian embassy or consulate in their country of origin for detailed information on the specific requirements and procedures for their situation. It is also important to stay up-to-date on the latest regulations and procedures, as they can change over time. With the right preparation and guidance, expats can successfully navigate the residency process and enjoy all that Brazil has to offer.

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