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Canada – Health Issues

Canada is a North American country with a population of approximately 38 million. The life expectancy in Canada is around 82 years old. While the country has made progress in improving public health in recent years, there are still several common health issues that affect the population. In this article, we will explore some of the most prevalent health issues in Canada and examine the country’s attitudes towards smoking.

Common Health Issues in Canada


Obesity is a growing problem in Canada, as it is in many other countries. In 2019, it was reported that approximately 29% of adults in Canada were classified as obese. This is a significant increase from previous years, and it is likely due to changes in lifestyle and diet. The modern Canadian diet is based on processed foods, sugary drinks, and fast food, which can be high in calories and fat, and this may be contributing to the rise in obesity rates.

Heart Disease

Heart disease is a significant health issue in Canada, accounting for around 20% of all deaths. Some of the risk factors for heart disease in Canada include smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and physical inactivity.


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Cancer is another prevalent health issue in Canada, and it is the leading cause of death, accounting for around 30% of all deaths. The most common types of cancer in Canada are lung cancer, breast cancer, and colorectal cancer. Some of the risk factors for cancer in Canada include smoking, alcohol consumption, and a poor diet.

Mental Health

Mental health is a significant health issue in Canada, with an estimated 1 in 5 Canadians experiencing mental illness in any given year. The most common types of mental illness in Canada are anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and substance abuse disorders.

Smoking in Canada

Smoking is relatively common in Canada, with around 15% of adults reporting that they smoke. This is lower than in many other countries, and smoking rates have been declining in Canada for several decades.


The government of Canada has implemented several measures to reduce smoking rates, including:

  • A ban on smoking in public places, including bars and restaurants
  • A ban on tobacco advertising and sponsorship
  • A requirement for graphic health warnings on cigarette packets
  • Higher taxes on tobacco products

These measures have been effective in reducing smoking rates in Canada, and it is expected that they will continue to be effective in the future.


Attitudes towards smoking in Canada are generally negative, and smoking is increasingly seen as a socially unacceptable habit. However, there are still some people who smoke, and they may be subject to social stigma or ostracism. This is particularly true in workplaces, where smoking is often prohibited.

Canada faces several health issues that are common to other countries, including obesity, heart disease, cancer, and mental illness. However, the government has taken steps to address these issues, and it is expected that the situation will improve in the future. Smoking rates are decreasing in Canada, and the government’s measures to reduce smoking rates are likely to be effective in the long term. Overall, Canada has a relatively strong healthcare system that provides access to basic medical care, and the country’s large size and diverse population present unique challenges and opportunities for public health initiatives. As long as the government continues to prioritize public health and wellbeing, Canada is well-positioned to continue improving the health of its citizens. However, there is still work to be done to address the most pressing health issues facing the population, and this will require continued investment in healthcare services and public health initiatives.

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