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Cuba – Maternity and Giving Birth

Cuba is a Caribbean island nation with a population of over 11 million people. The country has a well-established healthcare system that provides free access to medical services for all citizens, including pregnant women. In this article, we will explore the options for giving birth in Cuba, how to register a birth in the country, and the attitudes and legislation surrounding abortion.

Options for giving birth

In Cuba, most births occur in hospitals or maternity homes, with home births being less common. The country has a well-established system of maternity care, with prenatal care being widely available to all pregnant women.

The healthcare system in Cuba offers a range of services to pregnant women, including regular check-ups, ultrasound scans, and testing for genetic disorders. Women are also offered education and advice on nutrition, breastfeeding, and newborn care.

The majority of births in Cuba are attended by midwives and obstetricians, with the use of epidurals and other pain relief options also available. C-sections are only performed when medically necessary, with a preference for natural births whenever possible.

Registering a birth

To register a birth in Cuba, parents must obtain a birth certificate from the local civil registry office (Registro Civil). The following steps are required:

  1. Within 30 days of the birth, both parents must visit the Registro Civil and present their identification documents, as well as the medical certificate of the birth.
  2. The parents must fill out a birth registration form and pay a fee.
  3. The civil registry will then issue the birth certificate, which includes the name of the child, the names of the parents, the date and place of birth, and other relevant information.

Attitudes and legislation surrounding abortion

Abortion is legal in Cuba and has been available on demand since 1965. The country has one of the highest rates of abortion in Latin America, with over 70,000 abortions performed annually.


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The healthcare system in Cuba provides safe and legal abortions to women who request them, with no restrictions on the reasons for seeking the procedure. Abortions are performed free of charge and are available at hospitals and clinics throughout the country.

The Cuban government encourages the use of contraception and provides free access to birth control methods, including condoms, oral contraceptives, and IUDs. Sex education is also provided in schools and through public health campaigns to promote safe and responsible sexual behavior.

In Cuba, giving birth is a well-supported process that takes place in hospitals or maternity homes with the assistance of midwives and obstetricians. The country has a comprehensive healthcare system that provides free access to medical services, including prenatal care and education for pregnant women.

Registering a birth in Cuba is a straightforward process that involves visiting the local civil registry office within 30 days of the birth and presenting the necessary documentation.

Abortion is legal in Cuba and is provided free of charge by the healthcare system. The country also provides access to free contraception and sex education to promote safe and responsible sexual behavior.


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