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Czech Republic – Education and Schools

The Czech Republic has a long tradition of providing high-quality education, which is evident from its literacy rate of 99%. Education is a top priority for the government, and it is reflected in the country’s education policies and investments in the sector. The education system is well-structured and follows a strict curriculum, which ensures that students receive a comprehensive education.

Compulsory Education in the Czech Republic

In the Czech Republic, education is compulsory for children between the ages of six and fifteen. The education system is divided into two levels: primary education and secondary education. Primary education lasts for nine years, and it is compulsory for all students. Secondary education is divided into two types: general and vocational. General secondary education lasts for four years, while vocational secondary education can last for two to four years, depending on the course.

Types of Schools in the Czech Republic

Primary Schools

Primary education in the Czech Republic is provided by primary schools. These schools cater to children between the ages of six and fifteen. The primary education system is divided into two cycles: the first cycle lasts for four years, while the second cycle lasts for five years. Students learn a range of subjects, including math, science, language, history, and physical education.

Secondary Schools

Secondary education in the Czech Republic is divided into two types: general and vocational. General secondary schools prepare students for higher education, while vocational schools provide students with practical skills and knowledge that prepare them for the workforce.


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General secondary education is provided by gymnasia and specialized high schools. Gymnasia offer a general education curriculum that prepares students for university. Specialized high schools, on the other hand, offer a more specialized curriculum, such as language, music, or sports.

Vocational education is provided by vocational schools, which offer courses in fields such as technology, business, and healthcare. These courses provide students with practical skills and knowledge that prepare them for a specific profession.

Curriculum and Qualifications

The curriculum in the Czech Republic is designed to provide students with a comprehensive education. Primary education covers subjects such as math, science, language, history, and physical education. Secondary education, both general and vocational, covers subjects such as math, science, language, social sciences, and art.

Students in the Czech Republic can receive a range of qualifications, depending on the level of education they have completed. At the end of primary education, students receive a Certificate of Completion of Primary Education. At the end of general secondary education, students receive a school-leaving certificate, which is recognized as the equivalent of a high school diploma. At the end of vocational secondary education, students receive a vocational certificate, which demonstrates their competence in a specific profession.

School Hours and Holidays

In the Czech Republic, school hours vary depending on the level of education. Primary schools usually start at 8 am and finish at 1 pm or 2 pm. Secondary schools usually start at 8 am and finish at 2 pm or 3 pm. Schools in the Czech Republic have a two-week autumn break in October, a two-week winter break in December, and a one-week spring break in February or March. Summer holidays last for two months, from the beginning of July to the end of August.

Enrolling in Schools in the Czech Republic

To enroll in a school in the Czech Republic, students are required to provide their birth certificate, proof of address, and vaccination records. Non-EU students are also required to provide proof of their residency status in the Czech Republic. Competition for enrollment can vary depending on the school and the level of education.

International Schools

There are several international schools in the Czech Republic that offer education in English or other foreign languages. Some of the most prominent ones are:

  • International School of Prague (ISP): ISP is an accredited international school that provides education to students from ages 3 to 19. The school follows the International Baccalaureate (IB) program and offers both the Primary Years Program (PYP) and the Diploma Program (DP). The website for ISP is https://www.isp.cz/.
  • Prague British International School (PBIS): PBIS is a British-style school that offers education to students from ages 3 to 18. The school follows the British curriculum and offers GCSEs and A-levels. The website for PBIS is https://www.pbis.cz/.
  • Riverside School: Riverside is a private international school that provides education to students from ages 3 to 18. The school follows the International Baccalaureate (IB) program and offers both the Primary Years Program (PYP) and the Diploma Program (DP). The website for Riverside is https://www.riversideschool.cz/.
  • International Montessori School of Prague (IMS): IMS is a Montessori school that provides education to students from ages 1.5 to 12. The school follows the Montessori curriculum and offers English-language instruction. The website for IMS is https://imsprague.com/.

What options are there for higher education in the Czech Republic?

The Czech Republic has a number of higher education institutions, including universities, colleges, and technical schools. Some of the most well-known institutions include:

  • Charles University: Charles University is the oldest and most prestigious university in the Czech Republic. It was founded in 1348 and has faculties in a range of subjects, including medicine, law, and social sciences. The website for Charles University is https://www.cuni.cz/UKEN-1.html.
  • Czech Technical University in Prague: The Czech Technical University in Prague is a leading technical university in the country. It was founded in 1707 and has faculties in fields such as engineering, architecture, and information technology. The website for the Czech Technical University in Prague is https://www.cvut.cz/en.
  • Masaryk University: Masaryk University is a modern research university with faculties in areas such as medicine, law, and social sciences. It was founded in 1919 and is located in the city of Brno. The website for Masaryk University is https://www.muni.cz/en.
  • University of Economics, Prague: The University of Economics, Prague is a leading business school in the country. It was founded in 1953 and has faculties in fields such as economics, business, and management. The website for the University of Economics, Prague is https://www.vse.cz/english/.

In addition to these institutions, there are many other universities and colleges in the Czech Republic that offer education in a range of fields. Many of these institutions offer courses in English, making them accessible to international students.


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