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Egypt – Health Insurance

Egypt is a country with a rich history and culture that attracts many expats from all over the world. While the country offers good healthcare services, it is important for expats to be aware of their health insurance options. In this article, we will explore the health insurance requirements in Egypt, the state health insurance system, how to apply for it, and the advantages of international private medical insurance.

Is Health Insurance Mandatory in Egypt?

In Egypt, health insurance is not mandatory for citizens or residents. However, expats living in Egypt are strongly advised to have health insurance to ensure they have access to quality healthcare and to avoid potentially high medical costs.

State Health Insurance System in Egypt

The state health insurance system in Egypt is known as the General Authority for Health Insurance (GAHI). It is a public insurance program that covers Egyptian citizens and residents. The GAHI system is funded through payroll deductions from employees and employers, as well as contributions from self-employed workers.

What does it cover?

The GAHI system provides comprehensive health coverage, including medical consultations, hospitalization, diagnostic tests, prescription drugs, and preventive care. The system also covers maternity care, dental care, and rehabilitation services. In addition to healthcare coverage, the GAHI system also provides disability and life insurance benefits.

How to Apply for State Health Insurance in Egypt

Expats who are employed by a company in Egypt will automatically be enrolled in the GAHI system. Self-employed workers can also enroll in the system by following these steps:

  1. Register with the GAHI: Self-employed workers must register with the GAHI by completing an application form and providing documentation such as a passport or national ID card.

  2. Make contributions: Once registered, self-employed workers must make monthly contributions to the GAHI system based on their income.

  3. Choose a health plan: The GAHI system offers several health plans, and self-employed workers can choose the plan that best suits their needs.

  4. Receive GAHI card: After enrolling in the system and making contributions, self-employed workers will receive a GAHI card, which they can use to access healthcare services.

Advantages of International Private Medical Insurance

While the GAHI system provides comprehensive healthcare coverage, expats living in Egypt may also consider purchasing international private medical insurance. Here are some advantages of international private medical insurance:

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More comprehensive coverage

International private medical insurance can offer more comprehensive coverage than the GAHI system. This can include coverage for elective procedures, alternative therapies, and treatments not covered by the GAHI system.

Access to private healthcare facilities

International private medical insurance can provide access to private healthcare facilities, which may offer shorter wait times and more personalized care.


International private medical insurance is portable, which means that it can be used in other countries. This can be an advantage for expats who travel frequently or plan to relocate to another country in the future.

English-speaking assistance

Many international private medical insurance providers offer English-speaking assistance, which can be helpful for expats who are not fluent in Arabic.


Expats living in Egypt are not required to have health insurance, but it is strongly recommended to ensure access to quality healthcare and to avoid high medical costs. The state health insurance system in Egypt, the GAHI, provides comprehensive healthcare coverage for citizens and residents. Expats who are self-employed can enroll in the GAHI system by following a simple process. Additionally, expats may consider purchasing international private medical insurance for more comprehensive coverage, access to private healthcare facilities, portability, and English-speaking assistance. By understanding their health insurance options, expats can make informed decisions about their healthcare needs while living in Egypt.

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