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Estonia – Elderly Care

Estonia is a small country located in Northern Europe, known for its rich history, culture, and technological advancements. The country has made significant strides in social and economic development over the past decade, but still faces challenges in providing adequate care for its elderly population.

The State of Elderly Care in Estonia

According to the Estonian Social Insurance Board, the elderly population in Estonia has been steadily increasing in recent years. In 2019, the population of those aged 65 and over was around 200,000. By 2030, that number is expected to grow to over 300,000, which represents roughly 22% of the country’s total population.

Despite the growing number of elderly people in Estonia, the country has a well-established system for elderly care. The Estonian government provides a comprehensive social security system that includes pension, health insurance, and social services, aimed at supporting the elderly population.

Availability and Standard of Residential Homes

Residential homes are one of the options available for elderly care in Estonia. However, they are not very common, and those that do exist often lack proper facilities and staff to provide the necessary care.

One of the few examples of residential homes in Estonia is the “Tammemäe Home for the Elderly” in Tallinn. This facility provides shelter, food, and medical care for elderly people who are homeless or abandoned. The staff at Tammemäe Home for the Elderly are trained to provide personalized care and support, and the facility is equipped with modern amenities to ensure the comfort of its residents.

Availability and Standard of Care Homes

Another option for elderly care in Estonia is care homes, which are similar to residential homes but offer more extensive medical care and services. While there are more care homes in Estonia than residential homes, they still face challenges in providing high-quality care.


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One of the most well-known care homes in Estonia is the “Tallinn Old Town Nursing Home” in Tallinn. This facility provides medical care, therapy, and social activities for elderly people in need. The care home is run by the Tallinn Social Welfare and Healthcare Board, which has been providing care for the elderly in Estonia for many years.

While Tallinn Old Town Nursing Home provides essential services for its residents, the facility is often overcrowded and lacks adequate funding to provide the best possible care. Additionally, many elderly people in Estonia cannot afford to live in care homes and must rely on other options for their care.

Availability and Standard of Nursing Homes

Nursing homes are the most extensive option for elderly care in Estonia, offering 24/7 medical care and attention. However, they are also the least common and often only available to those who can afford it.

One of the most well-known nursing homes in Estonia is “Tartu Nursing Home” in Tartu. This facility provides medical care, therapy, and social activities for elderly people in need, and has a high reputation for providing excellent care. However, the cost of living in a nursing home like Tartu Nursing Home can be very high, making it inaccessible for many elderly people in Estonia.

In conclusion, elderly care in Estonia has a well-established system that provides comprehensive support to the elderly population. While there are options available, such as residential homes, care homes, and nursing homes, they still face challenges in providing high-quality care due to funding and overcrowding issues.

To address these challenges, the Estonian government and civil society organizations must work together to develop sustainable and effective solutions for elderly care. This may include increased funding for existing facilities, the creation of new facilities, and the expansion of community-based care options.

Furthermore, it is crucial to address the social and economic challenges that many elderly people in Estonia face. This can be done through the implementation of policies and programs that support their basic needs, such as housing, healthcare, and social services. Community-based care options that provide social support and companionship to the elderly can be crucial to promoting their well-being and preventing isolation.

In recent years, there have been efforts to improve elderly care in Estonia. The Estonian government has launched several programs and initiatives to enhance the living conditions and well-being of the elderly population. For instance, the “Silver” program aims to promote active aging and healthy lifestyles among the elderly population, by providing social and cultural activities, health screenings, and educational programs.

Moreover, the “Home Care” program provides home-based care services for elderly people who are unable to leave their homes, such as nursing and personal care, meal preparation, and transportation. This program aims to promote independence and improve the quality of life for elderly people in Estonia.

In conclusion, elderly care in Estonia faces challenges, but the country has a well-established system that provides comprehensive support to the elderly population. The government and civil society organizations must work together to develop sustainable and effective solutions that promote the well-being of the elderly population. By providing adequate care and support to the elderly, we can ensure that they live with dignity and respect in their later years.


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