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Estonia – Health Service

Estonia is a small country located in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. The Estonian healthcare system has undergone significant reforms since the country regained independence in 1991. The government has focused on creating a universal healthcare system that is accessible and affordable for all citizens and residents of Estonia. In this article, we will discuss the standard of healthcare in Estonia, how healthcare is paid for, the services provided by hospitals, follow-up care after hospital treatment, and the rules regarding medical treatment of foreign visitors.

Standard of Healthcare in Estonia

Estonia has a high standard of healthcare, and the World Health Organization (WHO) ranks it as the 28th best healthcare system in the world. The country has a decentralized healthcare system, which means that the responsibility for healthcare is shared between the national government, local governments, and private healthcare providers.

The Estonian healthcare system is primarily funded by taxes, and healthcare services are provided to all Estonian citizens and legal residents. There is no charge for primary care, and patients only need to pay a small fee for specialist consultations, hospital treatment, and prescription medication. However, some medical procedures, such as dental care and certain medications, require additional out-of-pocket payments.

Healthcare Payment and Private Insurance in Estonia

As mentioned, healthcare in Estonia is primarily funded by taxes. The Estonian Health Insurance Fund is responsible for managing healthcare funds and allocating them to healthcare providers. Everyone who is working and paying taxes in Estonia is eligible for healthcare coverage, and the government provides free healthcare to children, retirees, and those who are unable to work due to a disability.

Private health insurance is available in Estonia and is usually purchased by individuals who want additional coverage or prefer to have access to private healthcare providers. However, private insurance is not necessary to receive quality healthcare in Estonia.

Services Provided by Hospitals in Estonia

Hospitals in Estonia provide a wide range of medical services, including emergency care, surgery, diagnostic imaging, laboratory testing, and rehabilitation services. There are four university hospitals in Estonia, as well as several general and specialized hospitals. Patients are referred to hospitals by their primary care physicians, and hospital care is free for all Estonian citizens and legal residents.


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Patient Care and Follow-Up Treatment in Estonia

In Estonia, patients are generally expected to take care of themselves while in the hospital, although some help may be provided by hospital staff. Families are not expected to provide care for patients, but they are allowed to visit and provide emotional support. After leaving the hospital, patients may receive follow-up care from their primary care physician or a specialist. The cost of follow-up care is covered by the Estonian Health Insurance Fund.

Medical Treatment of Foreign Visitors in Estonia

Foreign visitors to Estonia are required to have medical insurance to cover any healthcare costs they may incur during their stay. However, the Estonian government has signed agreements with several countries to provide emergency medical care to their citizens while they are in Estonia. Visitors from countries that do not have such agreements are required to pay for any medical treatment they receive.

In conclusion, Estonia has a high standard of healthcare and provides accessible and affordable healthcare services to all its citizens and legal residents. The government has implemented a universal healthcare system that is primarily funded by taxes, and private health insurance is available but not necessary. Hospitals in Estonia provide a wide range of medical services, and patients are not expected to provide care for themselves or their loved ones while in the hospital. Follow-up care is provided by primary care physicians or specialists, and the cost is covered by the Estonian Health Insurance Fund. Foreign visitors to Estonia are required to have medical insurance or pay for any medical treatment they receive, although emergency medical care is provided to citizens of certain countries.


Latest Videos

In this short video, we dive into the significant health care updates and changes happening globally in 2024. From Germany's insurance cost adjustments to Cyprus's renewed COVID-19 precautions, we cover the essential news you need to know.  Germany's Health Insurance Update:  Starting in 2024, residents in Germany will see a slight increase in their health insurance costs, with a 0.1% rise to a maximum of 1.7%. This adjustment aims to expand coverage for medical care not currently included in statutory health insurance, such as select dental treatments, IVF, and early cancer screenings.  COVID-19 Measures Reintroduced in Cyprus:  With over 3000 new COVID-19 cases, Cyprus is stepping up its game by reintroducing health measures. Requirements now include proof of a negative COVID-19 test for entry into various facilities, emphasizing the importance of vaccination, especially for the elderly, to combat the evolving virus strains.  Free Health Trials in Trieste, Italy:  Trieste launches an initiative for free health screenings, including echocardiograms and blood tests, focusing on preventive care against non-communicable diseases. This move underscores the city's commitment to improving public health through early detection and prevention.  Spain's New Health Advice App:  Madrid introduces a groundbreaking app offering reliable health advice to counteract the widespread misinformation online. This app, part of the 'Madrid Te Cuida' initiative, will guide users to accurate information, from diet tips to medical queries, ensuring the advice is vetted by health professionals.  Expat Satisfaction with Healthcare in Mexico:  A study reveals that expat retirees in Mexico are largely content with the healthcare quality and costs, with many citing significant savings compared to the United States without compromising on care quality. This insight sheds light on the growing trend of healthcare tourism and relocation for medical reasons.  Stay tuned as we unpack these updates, providing you with the insights and implications of these healthcare changes. Whether it's the impact on your wallet or the quality of care you can expect, we've got you covered in this comprehensive overview of health care in 2024. Don't forget to like, share, and subscribe for more health news around the globe!

In this short video, we dive into the significant health care updates and changes happening globally in 2024. From Germany's insurance cost adjustments to Cyprus's renewed COVID-19 precautions, we cover the essential news you need to know.

Germany's Health Insurance Update:

Starting in 2024, residents in Germany will see a slight increase in their health insurance costs, with a 0.1% rise to a maximum of 1.7%. This adjustment aims to expand coverage for medical care not currently included in statutory health insurance, such as select dental treatments, IVF, and early cancer screenings.

COVID-19 Measures Reintroduced in Cyprus:

With over 3000 new COVID-19 cases, Cyprus is stepping up its game by reintroducing health measures. Requirements now include proof of a negative COVID-19 test for entry into various facilities, emphasizing the importance of vaccination, especially for the elderly, to combat the evolving virus strains.

Free Health Trials in Trieste, Italy:

Trieste launches an initiative for free health screenings, including echocardiograms and blood tests, focusing on preventive care against non-communicable diseases. This move underscores the city's commitment to improving public health through early detection and prevention.

Spain's New Health Advice App:

Madrid introduces a groundbreaking app offering reliable health advice to counteract the widespread misinformation online. This app, part of the 'Madrid Te Cuida' initiative, will guide users to accurate information, from diet tips to medical queries, ensuring the advice is vetted by health professionals.

Expat Satisfaction with Healthcare in Mexico:

A study reveals that expat retirees in Mexico are largely content with the healthcare quality and costs, with many citing significant savings compared to the United States without compromising on care quality. This insight sheds light on the growing trend of healthcare tourism and relocation for medical reasons.

Stay tuned as we unpack these updates, providing you with the insights and implications of these healthcare changes. Whether it's the impact on your wallet or the quality of care you can expect, we've got you covered in this comprehensive overview of health care in 2024. Don't forget to like, share, and subscribe for more health news around the globe!

YouTube Video UCB21b-C4O2aXm7H18_GsXMQ_nC_Fs6gU22U

Expat Focus International Healthcare Update January 2024

Expat Focus 31 January 2024 10:36 am

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