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Estonia – Maternity and Giving Birth

Estonia is a small country located in Northern Europe, known for its high standards of healthcare. In this article, we will discuss the most common options for giving birth in Estonia, how to register a birth, and the attitudes and legislation surrounding abortion.

Giving Birth in Estonia

In Estonia, the majority of births take place in hospitals. There are several hospitals across the country that offer maternity services, and most women choose to give birth in a hospital setting. However, there are also options for home births with the assistance of a midwife.

Estonia has a strong healthcare system, and pregnant women have access to a wide range of services. Prenatal care is widely available, and expectant mothers are encouraged to attend regular check-ups to monitor their health and the health of their baby. There are also classes available to help prepare women for childbirth and parenting.

Registering a Birth in Estonia

In Estonia, registering a birth is a straightforward process. The parents must register the birth within a week of the child’s birth. This can be done at the local government office, known as the Rahvastikuregister.

To register a birth, the parents must provide the following documents:

  • The child’s birth certificate, which must be signed by a doctor or midwife
  • The parents’ identification documents, such as passports or ID cards
  • If the parents are married, their marriage certificate

Once the birth is registered, the child will be assigned an identification number, which is used for various purposes, such as accessing healthcare and registering for school.


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Attitudes and Legislation Surrounding Abortion in Estonia

Abortion is legal in Estonia and is available upon request up to 12 weeks of pregnancy. In certain circumstances, such as if the woman’s life is in danger or if the pregnancy is the result of rape, abortion may be permitted after 12 weeks. Abortions are performed in hospitals and clinics across the country.

Estonia has a relatively liberal attitude towards abortion, and the procedure is widely accepted. However, there are still some who oppose abortion, particularly from a religious or moral standpoint. The government provides counseling services to women who are considering an abortion, to help them make an informed decision.

In Estonia, the majority of births take place in hospitals, but home births with the assistance of a midwife are also an option. Registering a birth is a simple process that can be done at the local government office. Abortion is legal and available upon request up to 12 weeks of pregnancy, with certain exceptions. Overall, Estonia has a strong healthcare system and is known for its high standards of care for expectant mothers and their babies.


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