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India – Residency

Types of Residency in India

India offers several types of residency permits to foreign nationals who intend to stay in the country for extended periods. Here are the most common types of residency permits available:

Employment Visa

An employment visa is issued to foreign nationals who have secured a job in India. This type of visa is typically valid for the duration of the employment contract, up to a maximum of five years. After five years, the visa can be extended.

Business Visa

A business visa is issued to foreign nationals who plan to visit India for business-related purposes. This type of visa is valid for six months, and it can be extended for up to ten years. Business visas are ideal for foreign nationals who are exploring investment opportunities or seeking to establish a business in India.

Student Visa

Foreign nationals who plan to study in India for an extended period of time can apply for a student visa. This type of visa is typically issued for the duration of the academic program and is renewable. To obtain a student visa, applicants must provide proof of acceptance at an Indian educational institution.

Research Visa

Research visas are issued to foreign nationals who intend to undertake research in India. This type of visa is issued for up to three years and can be extended for up to five years.

Medical Visa

Foreign nationals seeking medical treatment in India can apply for a medical visa. This type of visa is valid for up to one year or for the duration of the medical treatment. The visa can be extended if necessary.


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Tourist Visa

Tourist visas are issued to foreign nationals who plan to visit India for tourism-related purposes. This type of visa is valid for six months and can be extended for up to one year.

Employment/Project Visas

Foreign nationals can also apply for employment/project visas in India for short-term work assignments. These visas are valid for up to six months and can be extended for up to one year.

Applying for Residency in India

The process of obtaining residency status in India can be complex and time-consuming. Here is a general overview of the process:

  1. Determine the appropriate type of visa based on the purpose of your stay in India.
  2. Complete the visa application form and provide all required documentation.
  3. Schedule an appointment at an Indian embassy or consulate in your home country for a visa interview.
  4. Attend the visa interview and provide additional documentation if required.
  5. Await a decision on your visa application.

Required Documents for Residency in India

The specific documents required for residency in India vary depending on the type of visa you are applying for. However, here are some of the most common documents required:

  • Valid passport with at least six months of remaining validity
  • Visa application form
  • Passport-sized photo
  • Proof of financial support
  • Proof of accommodation in India
  • Proof of purpose for visiting India (employment contract, letter of acceptance from an educational institution, etc.)
  • Medical certificate (for medical visa applicants)
  • Police clearance certificate (for long-term visa applicants)

Registering with Government Authorities in India

All foreign nationals who stay in India for more than 180 days must register with the Foreigner Regional Registration Office (FRRO) or the Foreigner Registration Office (FRO) within 14 days of their arrival. During the registration process, foreign nationals must provide their personal and travel details, including their visa and passport information.

Resources for Residency in India

Foreign nationals can find reliable and up-to-date information on residency in India on the following websites:


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