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Israel – Maternity and Giving Birth

Israel is a country in the Middle East with a population of over 9 million people. Like other countries, Israel has its own unique system for childbirth and pregnancy. This article will explore the most common options for giving birth in Israel, how to register a birth, and the attitudes and legislation surrounding abortion.

Options for giving birth in Israel

In Israel, the most common option for giving birth is in a hospital setting. Home births are legal but not widely practiced, accounting for less than 1% of births in the country. In addition to hospitals, there are several birthing centers across the country that offer alternative options for labor and delivery. These centers are typically staffed by midwives and offer a more homely atmosphere than hospitals.

The Israeli healthcare system is known for its high quality, and all pregnant women are entitled to free prenatal care and childbirth services through their health insurance. This includes regular checkups with a midwife or obstetrician, ultrasound scans, and any necessary medical interventions during labor and delivery.

Registering a birth in Israel

All births in Israel must be registered within 10 days of the baby’s birth. To register a birth, parents must visit the Ministry of Interior’s Population Registry with the following documents:

  1. Identification documents for both parents (passport or Israeli ID card)
  2. Marriage certificate (if applicable)
  3. Birth certificate from the hospital or birthing center
  4. Proof of residency in Israel

Once the registration process is complete, the parents will receive a temporary birth certificate. The permanent birth certificate can be obtained at a later date from the Ministry of Interior.

Attitudes and legislation surrounding abortion in Israel

Abortion is legal in Israel under certain circumstances. According to Israeli law, a woman may terminate her pregnancy if:


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  • Continuing the pregnancy would endanger her life or physical or mental health
  • The fetus has a severe abnormality or disease
  • The pregnancy is a result of rape or incest
  • The woman is unmarried and under the age of 17

Abortions in Israel are performed by licensed gynecologists and are covered by the national health insurance system. However, the procedure must be approved by a special committee before it can be performed, and there is a waiting period of several days between the approval and the actual procedure.

Despite the legality of abortion in Israel, there is still controversy surrounding the issue. Some religious groups in Israel oppose abortion, and there have been cases of healthcare providers refusing to perform the procedure on moral or religious grounds.

In Israel, hospital births are the most common option for giving birth, with birthing centers offering an alternative option. The Israeli healthcare system provides free prenatal care and childbirth services to all pregnant women. To register a birth in Israel, parents must visit the Ministry of Interior’s Population Registry with certain documents. Abortion is legal in Israel under certain circumstances and is covered by the national health insurance system, but there is still controversy surrounding the issue.


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