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Italy – Residency

Residency Options in Italy

Italy offers several residency options for foreign nationals, depending on their purpose of stay, duration of stay, and eligibility. Below are the different types of residency available for foreign nationals moving to Italy:

Short-term Stays

Schengen Visa

A Schengen visa is a short-term visa that allows foreign nationals to travel to Italy and other Schengen countries for a maximum of 90 days within a six-month period. This type of visa is suitable for those who want to visit Italy for tourism, business, or family purposes.

Elective Residency Visa

The Elective Residency visa is for individuals who wish to retire in Italy, and who have sufficient financial means to support themselves without working. Applicants must demonstrate that they can support themselves, either through a pension, savings, or any other source of income. The visa is valid for one year and can be renewed.

Long-term Stays

Study Visa


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The Study visa is for individuals who plan to study in Italy for more than 90 days. Applicants must provide proof of acceptance to an Italian educational institution, health insurance coverage, and sufficient financial means to support themselves during their stay.

Work Visa

The Work visa is for individuals who have a job offer in Italy or plan to start their own business. Applicants must provide proof of employment, a work contract, and a valid residence permit. The visa is valid for one year and can be renewed.

Family Visa

The Family visa is for family members of Italian citizens or foreign nationals who hold a valid residence permit in Italy. This type of visa allows foreign nationals to join their family members in Italy and stay for up to two years.

Self-employment Visa

The Self-employment visa is for individuals who plan to start their own business in Italy. Applicants must provide a detailed business plan, proof of financial means, and health insurance coverage. The visa is valid for one year and can be renewed.

Investor Visa

The Investor visa is for individuals who plan to invest in Italy. Applicants must invest at least 2 million euros in an Italian company, a start-up, or a philanthropic project. The visa is valid for two years and can be renewed.

Elective Residence Visa

The Elective Residence visa is for individuals who wish to retire in Italy and have sufficient financial means to support themselves without working. Applicants must demonstrate that they can support themselves, either through a pension, savings, or any other source of income. The visa is valid for one year and can be renewed.

Long-term Resident EU

The Long-term Resident EU is for individuals who have lived legally in Italy for at least five years and meet certain conditions. This type of permit allows foreign nationals to stay in Italy indefinitely and gives them the right to work and access to social services.

Applying for Residency in Italy

The process for applying for residency in Italy varies depending on the type of visa or permit. Generally, applicants must submit their application at the Italian embassy or consulate in their country of origin, along with the necessary documentation.

Required Documents for Residency in Italy

The required documents for residency in Italy depend on the type of visa or permit, but some of the common documents include:

  • Valid passport
  • Proof of accommodation in Italy
  • Proof of financial means
  • Proof of health insurance
  • Criminal record certificate
  • Certificate of good conduct
  • Proof of employment or enrollment in an educational institution
  • Marriage certificate (for family visa applicants)

Registering with Government Departments/Organizations

Foreign nationals who intend to stay in Italy for more than three months must register with the local immigration office (Sportello Unico per l’Immigrazione) within eight days of their arrival. This is a mandatory requirement and failure to do so may result in a fine.

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