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Kuwait – Employment Terms and Conditions

Working Hours in Kuwait

The standard working week in Kuwait is 48 hours, with a maximum of 8 hours per day. Employees are also entitled to a one-hour break per day. However, the working hours may vary depending on the industry and the employer.

Employment Rights and Benefits in Kuwait

Paid Vacation and Sick Leave

Employees in Kuwait are entitled to a minimum of 30 days of paid annual leave. In addition, workers are entitled to a varying amount of sick leave depending on the duration of their employment. For example, employees are entitled to up to 15 days of paid sick leave per year after one year of service.

Social Security Benefits

All employees in Kuwait must be enrolled in the Public Institution for Social Security (PIFSS) system. Employers must contribute to the system on behalf of their employees, while employees must also make contributions. This contribution provides employees with a range of benefits, including healthcare, disability insurance, and a pension.

Maternity and Paternity Leave


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Expectant mothers in Kuwait are entitled to 70 days of maternity leave, paid at their full salary. Fathers are entitled to up to 7 days of paternity leave, paid at their full salary.

Severance Pay

If an employee is terminated without just cause, they are entitled to receive severance pay. The amount of severance pay depends on the length of service with the employer. For example, employees with less than 5 years of service are entitled to 15 days’ pay, while those with more than 10 years of service are entitled to 30 days’ pay.

Pensions

All employees in Kuwait are entitled to a pension through the PIFSS system. Both employers and employees must make contributions to the system, which is managed by the government. The pension is calculated based on the number of years of service and the average salary earned during the last 10 years of service.

Types of Pensions for Expats in Kuwait

Expats who are working in Kuwait may be eligible for a pension through the PIFSS system if they meet certain requirements. Firstly, they must have a valid work permit and be enrolled in the system. Secondly, they must have made contributions for at least 5 years to be eligible for a pension.

Retirement Age in Kuwait

The retirement age in Kuwait is currently 60 years old. However, there are discussions to increase the retirement age in the future.

In conclusion, workers in Kuwait are entitled to a range of employment rights and benefits, including paid vacation and sick leave, social security benefits, and severance pay. All employees must be enrolled in the PIFSS system, which provides a pension. Expats may be eligible for this pension if they meet certain requirements. The retirement age in Kuwait is set to increase in the future. It is important for both employers and employees to understand these employment terms and conditions to ensure that workers are being treated fairly and in accordance with the law.


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