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Monaco – Citizenship

Monaco is a sovereign city-state located on the French Riviera, and its citizenship is governed by its own laws and regulations. According to Monegasque nationality law, there are several ways in which a person can apply for citizenship:

  • By birth: A person born in Monaco to at least one Monegasque parent is automatically granted Monegasque citizenship.
  • By marriage: A foreign national who marries a Monegasque citizen can apply for citizenship after ten years of marriage, provided they are still married and have been living in Monaco for at least ten years.
  • By naturalization: A foreign national who has been living in Monaco for at least ten years can apply for citizenship by naturalization. In some cases, the residency requirement may be reduced to five years if the applicant is married to a Monegasque citizen or has children who are Monegasque citizens.

Process of Applying for Citizenship in Monaco

The process for applying for Monegasque citizenship varies depending on the applicant’s circumstances. In general, the following steps must be followed:

  • Obtain a residency permit: Before applying for citizenship, foreign nationals must first obtain a residency permit, which allows them to live and work in Monaco. The permit must be renewed annually.
  • Submit an application: Once the residency permit has been obtained, the applicant can submit an application for citizenship to the Monegasque government. The application must include various documents, such as a birth certificate, marriage certificate, and police clearance certificate.
  • Wait for a decision: The government will review the application and make a decision on whether to grant citizenship. The decision can take several months or even years, and there is no guarantee that citizenship will be granted.

Advantages of Being Granted Citizenship in Monaco

Monegasque citizenship comes with several advantages, including:

  • Visa-free travel: Monegasque citizens can travel to many countries without a visa, including the countries of the Schengen area, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
  • Tax benefits: Monaco has no income tax, so Monegasque citizens are not subject to income tax on their worldwide income. However, they may still be subject to taxes in their country of origin.
  • Access to social services: Monegasque citizens have access to the social services provided by the Monegasque government, such as healthcare, education, and social security.

Rules Surrounding Dual Citizenship in Monaco

Monegasque nationality law does not explicitly prohibit dual citizenship, but it also does not recognize it. This means that, in practice, Monegasque citizens are expected to renounce their previous citizenship when they become Monegasque citizens. However, some countries may allow their citizens to hold dual citizenship, so it is important to check the laws of the country of origin.

Reliable Information on Citizenship in Monaco

For more information on Monegasque citizenship, applicants can contact the Embassy of Monaco in their country of origin or the Department of External Relations and Cooperation in Monaco. Additionally, applicants can consult a lawyer or immigration consultant with experience in Monegasque immigration law.


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