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Monaco – Self-Employment

Monaco is a small principality located on the French Riviera. Despite its size, Monaco has a vibrant economy and is home to many successful entrepreneurs and businesspeople. In this article, we will explore how self-employment and start-ups work for expats in Monaco, including a step-by-step guide on how to register as self-employed or set up a company.

How self-employment works for expats in Monaco

Expats are allowed to work as self-employed individuals in Monaco, but they are required to obtain a valid work permit and register their business with the relevant authorities. Self-employed individuals are also required to pay taxes and social security contributions, and there are restrictions on the types of businesses that can be operated.

Step-by-step guide on how to register as self-employed in Monaco

Here is a step-by-step guide on how to register as self-employed in Monaco:

  1. Obtain a valid work permit or visa that allows you to work in Monaco.
  2. Register your business with the Monaco Chamber of Economic Development (CDE) and obtain a registration certificate.
  3. Register with the Monaco Social Security Administration and pay the necessary contributions.
  4. Obtain any necessary licenses or permits for your business activities.

Can you work as a digital nomad in Monaco?

While Monaco does not have a specific digital nomad visa program, it is possible to work remotely from Monaco as a freelancer or self-employed individual. However, as Monaco is a high-cost destination, it may not be the most cost-effective option for digital nomads.

How to start a company in Monaco

Starting a company in Monaco involves several steps, including choosing a legal structure for your company, registering with the CDE, obtaining the necessary licenses and permits, and registering for taxes.

Step-by-step guide on how to set up a company in Monaco

Here is a step-by-step guide on how to set up a company in Monaco:

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  1. Choose a legal structure for your company, such as a limited liability company (LLC) or a sole proprietorship.
  2. Reserve a company name and obtain approval from the CDE.
  3. Prepare the necessary documents, such as the articles of incorporation and the bylaws.
  4. Register your company with the CDE and obtain a registration certificate.
  5. Obtain any necessary licenses or permits for your business activities.
  6. Register for taxes with the Monaco Tax Administration.

Incentives and programs for expats

Monaco has several programs and incentives in place to encourage foreign investment and entrepreneurship, including:

Monaco Economic Board

The Monaco Economic Board is a government agency that promotes economic development in Monaco. The agency offers a range of services to assist businesses, including information on investment opportunities, incentives, and regulations.


MonacoTech is a start-up incubator and accelerator program designed to support entrepreneurs in Monaco. The program offers a range of services, including mentorship, networking opportunities, and access to funding.

Other incentives

In addition to these programs, there are other incentives available to expats who want to start a business in Monaco. These include tax incentives for certain industries, such as finance and technology, and grants and loans for startups in certain sectors.

Challenges of doing business in Monaco

While Monaco offers many opportunities for entrepreneurs, there are also challenges to doing business in the principality. One of the main challenges is the high cost of living and doing business in Monaco, which can be a barrier for some entrepreneurs. Additionally, the regulatory environment can be complex, and the bureaucracy involved in setting up a company or obtaining licenses and permits can be time-consuming.

Another challenge for expats is cultural differences and language barriers. Monaco’s business culture may differ from what expats are used to in their home countries, and communication can be difficult if they do not speak the local language.

Starting a business or becoming self-employed in Monaco can be a rewarding but challenging experience. While the principality offers many opportunities for entrepreneurs, there are also bureaucratic procedures and cultural differences to navigate. However, with the right approach and the right resources, it is possible to succeed in Monaco’s growing entrepreneurial sector. By following the steps outlined in this article and taking advantage of the available incentives and programs, expats can establish successful businesses and contribute to Monaco’s economic development.

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