Morocco is a North African country with a diverse population of over 36 million people. While the country has made significant improvements in healthcare in recent years, there are still several health issues that affect its population. In this article, we will explore some of the common health issues in Morocco and the country’s efforts to address them.
Common Health Issues in Morocco
Malnutrition is a significant public health concern in Morocco. According to the World Bank, nearly 14% of children under five years of age in Morocco are underweight, and 5% suffer from acute malnutrition. Malnutrition can have severe long-term consequences, including impaired cognitive development and increased susceptibility to infections.
To address this issue, the Moroccan government has implemented several programs aimed at improving child nutrition. These programs include the distribution of fortified foods, nutrition education, and the promotion of breastfeeding.
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in Morocco. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and obesity, are prevalent in the country. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the prevalence of hypertension in adults in Morocco is over 30%.
To address this issue, the Moroccan government has implemented several programs aimed at reducing the incidence of cardiovascular disease. These programs include the promotion of healthy diets, physical activity, and smoking cessation.
Infectious diseases are a significant public health concern in Morocco. The country has a high incidence of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Additionally, the country is at risk for emerging infectious diseases such as the Zika virus and Ebola.
To address this issue, the Moroccan government has implemented several programs aimed at improving infectious disease control. These programs include vaccination campaigns, disease surveillance, and the implementation of infection control measures in healthcare facilities.
Smoking in Morocco
Smoking is a common practice in Morocco, with over 20% of the population being smokers. According to the WHO, smoking prevalence is higher among men (32%) than women (3%). Additionally, smoking prevalence is highest among individuals aged 25-34 years (29%).
Attitudes Towards Smoking
Attitudes towards smoking in Morocco are generally positive. Many Moroccans view smoking as a social activity and a way to relax. Additionally, smoking is often seen as a symbol of wealth and status.
Morocco has implemented several laws aimed at reducing smoking prevalence in the country. These laws include a ban on smoking in public places such as restaurants, cafes, and bars. Additionally, tobacco advertising is prohibited in Morocco, and tobacco products cannot be sold to individuals under the age of 18.
While these laws are in place, enforcement can be challenging. Many restaurants and cafes do not enforce the smoking ban, and smoking is still prevalent in public places.
Morocco has made significant strides in improving healthcare in the country. However, several health issues still affect the population, including malnutrition, cardiovascular disease, and infectious diseases. Additionally, smoking is prevalent in the country, with many Moroccans viewing smoking as a social activity and a symbol of wealth and status. While the Moroccan government has implemented several laws aimed at reducing smoking prevalence, enforcement can be challenging. Overall, addressing these health issues will require a continued effort from the Moroccan government and the public health community.