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Panama – Buying Property

Legal Restrictions on Property Ownership and Sale in Panama

Foreign nationals are generally allowed to own property in Panama without significant legal restrictions. Panama encourages foreign investment, and there are no specific laws preventing foreigners from owning property. However, there are some exceptions and considerations to keep in mind.

While there are no specific restrictions, Panama has certain protected zones near its borders where foreign ownership is restricted. These areas are typically within 10 kilometers of Panama’s borders with other countries. However, you can still own property in these areas through a Panamanian corporation.

It’s advisable to consult with a local attorney or the Panama Ministry of Economy and Finance for the most up-to-date information and to understand the legal requirements for property ownership as a foreign national.

Average Property Prices in Panama and Regional Variations

Property prices in Panama can vary significantly depending on the region and type of property. As of the latest data available:

  • Panama City: Panama City, the capital, tends to have higher property prices. On average, you can find apartments ranging from $2,000 to $4,500 per square meter.
  • Beachfront Properties: Coastal areas like Bocas del Toro and Coronado offer beachfront properties with varying price ranges. Beachfront condos can range from $2,000 to $3,500 per square meter.
  • Interior Regions: Inland regions such as Boquete and David offer more affordable housing options. Prices for homes and land can vary widely but are generally lower than in urban areas.

Property prices can fluctuate based on factors like location, demand, and property condition.

Popular Locations to Buy Property in Panama

Several locations in Panama are popular among property buyers:


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  • Panama City: The capital city offers a vibrant urban lifestyle with various property options, from modern condos to historic homes.
  • Bocas del Toro: This archipelago is known for its beautiful beaches and laid-back atmosphere, attracting those looking for a tropical paradise.
  • Boquete: Nestled in the highlands, Boquete offers a cooler climate and is popular among retirees and nature enthusiasts.

These locations cater to a range of preferences and lifestyles.

New Upcoming Areas in Panama

Emerging areas in Panama are gaining attention as attractive options for property buyers:

  • Playa Venao: Located on the Azuero Peninsula, Playa Venao is becoming a popular destination for beachfront properties and water sports.
  • Punta Pacifica: This upscale neighborhood in Panama City continues to see development and offers luxury living with modern amenities.
  • Coronado: As a beachfront community, Coronado is attracting retirees and expats looking for a peaceful coastal lifestyle.

These emerging areas present opportunities for both investment and personal enjoyment.

Trends in the Property Market in Panama

Several trends shape Panama’s property market:

  • Tourism and Investment: Panama’s growing tourism industry and foreign investment continue to drive property demand, especially in tourist-friendly areas.
  • Eco-Friendly Properties: There is an increasing interest in eco-friendly and sustainable property options in response to global environmental concerns.
  • Rental Income: Many buyers purchase properties with the intent to generate rental income, given the demand for short-term rentals, especially in tourist destinations.

These trends reflect evolving preferences and opportunities in Panama’s property market.

Is Buying Property a Good Investment in Panama?

Buying property in Panama can be a good investment, especially in areas with growing tourism and development. Panama’s stable economy, tax benefits for retirees, and business-friendly environment make it an attractive destination for property buyers and investors. However, as with any investment, it’s crucial to conduct thorough research, consider market conditions, and seek professional advice before making a decision.

Common Property Types in Panama and Buying Procedure

Common property types in Panama include:

  • Apartments: Apartments are popular in urban areas like Panama City and offer various sizes and amenities.
  • Houses and Villas: Houses and villas come in different styles, from modern to traditional, and are suitable for families or retirees.
  • Beachfront Properties: Coastal areas provide opportunities for beachfront condos, homes, and land.
  • Land Only: Some buyers purchase land to build custom homes or for investment purposes.

The typical house buying procedure in Panama includes the following steps:

  1. Property Search: Find a property through real estate agents, property websites, or personal connections.
  2. Due Diligence: Conduct inspections, review property documents, and ensure compliance with regulations.
  3. Offer and Negotiation: Make an offer on the property, negotiate terms, and sign a purchase agreement.
  4. Notary and Contracts: Engage a notary to oversee the legal aspects of the transaction and complete the sale contract.
  5. Transfer of Ownership: Finalize the transfer of ownership and payment.

Working with experienced real estate professionals and legal advisors is crucial throughout the process.

Finding a Reputable Lawyer in Panama

When buying property in Panama, it’s advisable to seek legal assistance from a reputable lawyer. You can find such lawyers through local law firms or legal associations. Here is a reputable organization in Panama:

Panama Bar Association (Colegio Nacional de Abogados de Panama)

Website: Panama Bar Association

Membership in a professional organization like the Panama Bar Association is a good indicator of a lawyer’s credibility. Legal fees can vary, so it’s essential to discuss costs and services upfront with your chosen attorney.

Pitfalls and Problems in the House Buying Process

Expats and foreign buyers in Panama may encounter several challenges:

  • Legal Complexity: Panama’s property laws and processes may differ from those in your home country, requiring a good understanding of local regulations.
  • Title Issues: Ensuring a clear title is crucial to avoid future disputes over property ownership.
  • Language Barrier: Some legal documents and processes may be in Spanish, so having a translator or bilingual attorney can be essential.

Working with professionals who have experience in international real estate transactions can help mitigate these challenges.

Purchasing Property through a Company in Panama

Yes, you can purchase property in Panama through a company. This option may have specific tax and legal implications, so it’s advisable to consult with legal and financial experts to understand the process fully. Creating a Panamanian corporation is a common approach for foreign investors looking to buy property in restricted zones near the borders.

Property laws and regulations in Panama can change, so staying informed and seeking professional advice are essential steps in the property buying process.


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