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Panama – Employment Terms and Conditions

Working Hours in Panama

In Panama, the standard working week is 48 hours, which is usually spread over six days. Employees are entitled to one day off per week, which is usually Sunday. The maximum daily working hours are 8 hours, and the maximum weekly working hours are 44 hours.

Overtime work is allowed in Panama, and employees who work beyond their normal working hours are entitled to overtime pay. The rate of overtime pay is usually 1.5 times the normal hourly rate.

Employment Rights and Benefits in Panama

Panama has a range of employment rights and benefits in place to ensure that workers are treated fairly and with respect. Some of the key employment rights and benefits in Panama include:

Annual leave

Employees in Panama are entitled to at least 30 days of paid annual leave per year. This entitlement increases to 45 days for employees who have worked for their employer for 10 years or more.

Sick leave


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Employees in Panama are entitled to a maximum of 26 weeks of sick leave per year. During this period, the employee is entitled to full pay for the first 14 days and half pay for the remaining days.

Maternity leave

Female employees in Panama are entitled to 14 weeks of paid maternity leave. This leave can be taken before or after the birth of the child.

End-of-service benefits

End-of-service benefits are payments made to employees at the end of their employment contract. The amount of the payment is usually based on the length of service and the employee’s salary.

Pensions

Pensions are not mandatory in Panama, but many companies provide pension schemes for their employees. The schemes are usually based on a defined contribution plan, where both the employer and employee contribute to the pension fund.

Pensions for Expats in Panama

Expats who work in Panama may be entitled to a pension if their employer provides a pension scheme. The schemes are usually based on a defined contribution plan, where both the employer and employee contribute to the pension fund.

Expats who are not eligible for a pension through their employer may be able to set up a private pension scheme. It is important to seek professional advice before setting up a private pension scheme in Panama.

Retirement Age in Panama

The retirement age in Panama is 62 years for men and 57 years for women. However, there is no mandatory retirement age in Panama, and individuals can choose to work beyond the retirement age if they wish.

It is important to note that the retirement age may change in the future, depending on the economic and demographic circumstances in Panama.

Panama offers a range of employment terms and conditions in place to ensure that workers are treated fairly and with respect. From annual leave to sick leave and end-of-service benefits, Panamanian law ensures that employees are provided with adequate benefits.

Expats who work in Panama may be entitled to a pension if their employer provides a pension scheme. It is important for expats to understand their entitlements and obligations under Panamanian employment law to ensure that they are receiving the benefits they are entitled to and complying with their legal requirements as employees or self-employed workers.

Panama’s retirement age is flexible, and individuals can choose to work beyond the retirement age if they wish. It is important for individuals to plan for their retirement accordingly, whether through a pension scheme provided by their employer or a private pension scheme.

Overall, Panama offers a range of employment terms and conditions that are designed to protect workers and ensure that they are treated fairly. Expats who work in Panama can expect to receive similar benefits to Panamanian nationals, and it is important for them to understand their entitlements and obligations under Panamanian employment law.


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