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Panama – Maternity and Giving Birth

Panama is a country located in Central America, known for its natural beauty, diverse culture, and emerging economy. When it comes to childbirth, Panamanian women have access to a variety of options, including hospital births and home births. This article will explore the most common options for giving birth in Panama, how to register a birth, and the attitudes and legislation surrounding abortion in the country.

Giving Birth in Panama

Hospital Births

The majority of births in Panama take place in hospital settings, with most women giving birth in government-run hospitals. In a hospital setting, women are supported by a team of midwives, doctors, and nurses. Women who give birth in a hospital have access to pain management options, such as epidurals, and medical interventions if necessary.

Panamanian hospitals are well-equipped with state-of-the-art facilities, and women who give birth in a hospital are supported by a team of midwives, nurses, and doctors. Most hospitals in Panama have private birthing suites, which are designed to create a more comfortable atmosphere for the birth.

Home Births

Home births are also an option for women in Panama, although they are less common than hospital births. Women who choose to have a home birth are supported by midwives who provide care throughout the pregnancy and are on hand to assist with the birth.


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Home births are seen as a safe and viable option for low-risk pregnancies. However, if complications do arise during the birth, the midwife will make the decision to transfer the mother and baby to the hospital.

Registering a Birth in Panama

In Panama, births must be registered within 30 days of the baby being born. This can be done at any civil registry office in the country, and both parents must be present. If one of the parents is unable to be present, they can provide a notarized authorization for the other parent to register the birth.

To register a birth, the following documents are required:

  • The birth certificate issued by the hospital, midwife, or doctor
  • Identification documents for both parents
  • The marriage certificate, if applicable

After the birth has been registered, the civil registry office will issue a birth certificate, which is a legal document that serves as proof of the child’s identity and nationality.

Attitudes to and Legislation Surrounding Abortion in Panama

Abortion in Panama is illegal in most circumstances. However, there are some exceptions to this rule. Abortion is permitted if the woman’s life is in danger, or if the pregnancy is a result of rape or incest. Abortion is not allowed for social or economic reasons.

The attitudes to abortion in Panama are generally conservative, and there is a strong cultural and religious opposition to the procedure. The government does not provide any support for abortion services, and women who choose to have an abortion must seek private medical care. Women who have an abortion can face legal and social consequences, including imprisonment and ostracism.

In conclusion, Panama offers women a range of options for giving birth, including hospital births and home births. The country’s healthcare system is designed to provide women with high-quality care and support throughout their pregnancy and birth.

However, the attitudes and legislation surrounding abortion in Panama are conservative, and the procedure is illegal in most circumstances. Women who choose to have an abortion must seek private medical care and can face legal and social consequences.


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