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Peru – Health Issues

Peru is a country located in South America with a diverse population of over 33 million people. Like many countries, Peru faces various health issues that impact its population. In this article, we will explore some of the common health issues affecting the population of Peru and examine the country’s attitudes towards smoking and the legislation in place to regulate it.

Common Health Issues in Peru

Malnutrition

Malnutrition is a significant health issue in Peru, particularly among children under five years old. According to a report by UNICEF, nearly 15% of children under five in Peru suffer from chronic malnutrition, which can have long-term consequences on their health and development. Malnutrition is caused by inadequate intake of essential nutrients or by infections that prevent the body from absorbing these nutrients.

Infectious Diseases

Infectious diseases are a significant public health issue in Peru, particularly in rural areas. Malaria, dengue fever, and Zika virus are prevalent in certain regions of the country. The incidence of tuberculosis is also high in Peru, with over 29,000 new cases reported in 2019.

Non-Communicable Diseases


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Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer are also a growing concern in Peru. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), NCDs are responsible for 73% of all deaths in Peru. The rise in NCDs is attributed to factors such as an aging population, lifestyle changes, and urbanization.

Mental Health

Mental health is another significant health issue in Peru. A study by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) found that around 7.6% of adults in Peru suffer from depression, and 3.3% have anxiety disorders. However, mental health services in the country are limited, with only 0.03 psychiatrists per 10,000 population, according to WHO.

Smoking in Peru

Prevalence of Smoking

Smoking is prevalent in Peru, with approximately 20% of the adult population smoking tobacco products. The prevalence of smoking is higher among men, with 27% of men smoking compared to only 12% of women. According to a report by the Global Youth Tobacco Survey, around 17% of teenagers between the ages of 13 and 15 in Peru use tobacco products.

Attitudes Towards Smoking

The attitudes towards smoking in Peru are changing, with more people recognizing the harmful effects of smoking. However, smoking is still socially accepted in certain settings, particularly among men. According to a study by PAHO, 40% of male smokers in Peru reported smoking in the presence of others, compared to only 11% of female smokers.

Legislation on Smoking

Peru has comprehensive tobacco control legislation in place to regulate smoking. The Law on the Prevention and Control of Consumption of Tobacco Products was enacted in 2011 and prohibits smoking in enclosed public spaces, workplaces, and public transportation. The law also requires tobacco products to carry graphic health warnings covering 50% of the package and bans all forms of tobacco advertising, promotion, and sponsorship.

Peru faces various health issues that impact its population, including malnutrition, infectious diseases, NCDs, and mental health. Smoking is prevalent in Peru, particularly among men, and although attitudes towards smoking are changing, it is still socially accepted in certain settings. However, the country has comprehensive tobacco control legislation in place to regulate smoking and protect public health. The challenges facing Peru’s healthcare system highlight the importance of continued efforts to address health issues and improve access to healthcare for all.


Latest Videos

In this short video, we dive into the significant health care updates and changes happening globally in 2024. From Germany's insurance cost adjustments to Cyprus's renewed COVID-19 precautions, we cover the essential news you need to know.  Germany's Health Insurance Update:  Starting in 2024, residents in Germany will see a slight increase in their health insurance costs, with a 0.1% rise to a maximum of 1.7%. This adjustment aims to expand coverage for medical care not currently included in statutory health insurance, such as select dental treatments, IVF, and early cancer screenings.  COVID-19 Measures Reintroduced in Cyprus:  With over 3000 new COVID-19 cases, Cyprus is stepping up its game by reintroducing health measures. Requirements now include proof of a negative COVID-19 test for entry into various facilities, emphasizing the importance of vaccination, especially for the elderly, to combat the evolving virus strains.  Free Health Trials in Trieste, Italy:  Trieste launches an initiative for free health screenings, including echocardiograms and blood tests, focusing on preventive care against non-communicable diseases. This move underscores the city's commitment to improving public health through early detection and prevention.  Spain's New Health Advice App:  Madrid introduces a groundbreaking app offering reliable health advice to counteract the widespread misinformation online. This app, part of the 'Madrid Te Cuida' initiative, will guide users to accurate information, from diet tips to medical queries, ensuring the advice is vetted by health professionals.  Expat Satisfaction with Healthcare in Mexico:  A study reveals that expat retirees in Mexico are largely content with the healthcare quality and costs, with many citing significant savings compared to the United States without compromising on care quality. This insight sheds light on the growing trend of healthcare tourism and relocation for medical reasons.  Stay tuned as we unpack these updates, providing you with the insights and implications of these healthcare changes. Whether it's the impact on your wallet or the quality of care you can expect, we've got you covered in this comprehensive overview of health care in 2024. Don't forget to like, share, and subscribe for more health news around the globe!

In this short video, we dive into the significant health care updates and changes happening globally in 2024. From Germany's insurance cost adjustments to Cyprus's renewed COVID-19 precautions, we cover the essential news you need to know.

Germany's Health Insurance Update:

Starting in 2024, residents in Germany will see a slight increase in their health insurance costs, with a 0.1% rise to a maximum of 1.7%. This adjustment aims to expand coverage for medical care not currently included in statutory health insurance, such as select dental treatments, IVF, and early cancer screenings.

COVID-19 Measures Reintroduced in Cyprus:

With over 3000 new COVID-19 cases, Cyprus is stepping up its game by reintroducing health measures. Requirements now include proof of a negative COVID-19 test for entry into various facilities, emphasizing the importance of vaccination, especially for the elderly, to combat the evolving virus strains.

Free Health Trials in Trieste, Italy:

Trieste launches an initiative for free health screenings, including echocardiograms and blood tests, focusing on preventive care against non-communicable diseases. This move underscores the city's commitment to improving public health through early detection and prevention.

Spain's New Health Advice App:

Madrid introduces a groundbreaking app offering reliable health advice to counteract the widespread misinformation online. This app, part of the 'Madrid Te Cuida' initiative, will guide users to accurate information, from diet tips to medical queries, ensuring the advice is vetted by health professionals.

Expat Satisfaction with Healthcare in Mexico:

A study reveals that expat retirees in Mexico are largely content with the healthcare quality and costs, with many citing significant savings compared to the United States without compromising on care quality. This insight sheds light on the growing trend of healthcare tourism and relocation for medical reasons.

Stay tuned as we unpack these updates, providing you with the insights and implications of these healthcare changes. Whether it's the impact on your wallet or the quality of care you can expect, we've got you covered in this comprehensive overview of health care in 2024. Don't forget to like, share, and subscribe for more health news around the globe!

YouTube Video UCB21b-C4O2aXm7H18_GsXMQ_nC_Fs6gU22U

Expat Focus International Healthcare Update January 2024

Expat Focus 31 January 2024 10:36 am

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